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Table 9 Psychosocial competencies at age 12 on participation in risky behaviour at age 19

From: Psychosocial competencies and risky behaviours in Peru

    Drinking Drugs Unprotected Criminal Carried No. of
  Smoking Drinking & violence consumption sex. beh. a weapon risky beh.
Self-efficacy, age 12 0.033 −0.015 0.023 0.002 0.052 0.027 −0.000 0.072
  (0.142) (0.579) (0.470) (0.946) (0.117) (0.170) (0.998) (0.219)
Self-esteem, age 12 −0.020 −0.023 −0.057* −0.055** −0.076* −0.038 −0.034* −0.208***
  (0.514) (0.385) (0.084) (0.012) (0.061) (0.153) (0.051) (0.005)
Child is male 0.235*** 0.246*** 0.273*** 0.118*** −0.025 0.124*** 0.029 0.602***
  (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.001) (0.567) (0.008) (0.156) (0.000)
Age in R4 0.108*** 0.121** 0.114** 0.032 −0.006 0.002 −0.026 0.230**
  (0.001) (0.010) (0.011) (0.232) (0.884) (0.952) (0.261) (0.029)
Type site - rural, age 7 −0.089*** −0.265*** −0.282*** −0.013 −0.075 −0.059 −0.055 −0.496**
  (0.001) (0.002) (0.002) (0.624) (0.515) (0.407) (0.427) (0.012)
Migrated between age 7 and 15 0.116** 0.178** 0.179** 0.105*** 0.136** 0.091 −0.011 0.523***
  (0.025) (0.040) (0.044) (0.007) (0.020) (0.312) (0.781) (0.000)
Second tercile of wealth, age 7 0.023 0.123* 0.104 0.011 0.013 −0.003 −0.010 0.159
  (0.650) (0.064) (0.117) (0.760) (0.787) (0.967) (0.770) (0.190)
Third tercile of wealth, age 7 0.002 0.136** 0.131* 0.068 0.075 −0.036 −0.036 0.245
  (0.981) (0.015) (0.060) (0.281) (0.207) (0.648) (0.301) (0.122)
Mother’s education - secondary school −0.004 −0.084** −0.030 0.018 −0.004 −0.035 −0.028 −0.101
  (0.936) (0.043) (0.448) (0.584) (0.932) (0.451) (0.205) (0.247)
Mother’s education - higher education −0.028 −0.089 −0.051 −0.031 −0.083* 0.019 0.001 −0.230
  (0.692) (0.277) (0.598) (0.633) (0.095) (0.838) (0.984) (0.254)
Single parent, age 7 0.056 0.007 0.022 0.085 0.080 0.120 0.042 0.271
  (0.317) (0.869) (0.642) (0.104) (0.146) (0.179) (0.197) (0.124)
Child has older siblings −0.002 0.018 0.039 0.016 −0.025 0.002 −0.006 0.001
  (0.934) (0.654) (0.342) (0.657) (0.387) (0.972) (0.712) (0.994)
Number of siblings, age 7 −0.014 −0.022 −0.029* 0.001 −0.002 0.029 0.010 −0.026
  (0.183) (0.154) (0.053) (0.900) (0.872) (0.165) (0.397) (0.352)
Standardized values of (raven) −0.010 0.001 −0.006 −0.012 0.006 0.026 0.002 −0.014
  (0.456) (0.966) (0.700) (0.473) (0.783) (0.325) (0.885) (0.701)
Number of observations 524 524 524 524 524 524 524 524
R-squared 0.175 0.189 0.195 0.099 0.108 0.067 0.074 0.179
  1. Note: The table reports the estimates of the linear probability model with standard errors (in parentheses) clustered at cluster level, * p<0.1 ** p<0.05 *** p<0.01. All controls were included as reported together with dummy variables for the cluster that individuals were recruited in the 2002 round; coefficients for these are not reported