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Table 8 Educational Aspirations at age 15 on participation in risky behaviours at age 19, with gender interactions

From: Psychosocial competencies and risky behaviours in Peru

    Drinking Drugs Unprotected Criminal Carried No. of
  Smoking Drinking & violence consumption sex. beh. a weapon risky beh.
Child aspired for higher education, age 15 −0.107 −0.175 −0.156 −0.071 −0.201** −0.287 −0.162 −0.717*
  (0.469) (0.209) (0.365) (0.443) (0.012) (0.117) (0.119) (0.051)
Male x Child aspired for higher education, age 15 0.030 0.098 0.112 −0.090 0.229 0.107 0.206* 0.473
  (0.868) (0.616) (0.618) (0.436) (0.122) (0.594) (0.070) (0.298)
Child is male 0.193 0.138 0.150 0.212** −0.244 0.029 −0.167 0.132
  (0.243) (0.446) (0.472) (0.047) (0.131) (0.890) (0.143) (0.750)
Age in R4 0.091** 0.098** 0.097** 0.036 −0.006 −0.006 −0.026 0.193*
  (0.010) (0.042) (0.028) (0.121) (0.904) (0.877) (0.354) (0.071)
Type site - rural, age 15 −0.086 −0.282*** −0.234*** 0.022 0.048 0.105 0.021 −0.276
  (0.354) (0.000) (0.009) (0.725) (0.495) (0.279) (0.490) (0.101)
Migrated between 15 and 18 0.071 0.153* 0.178* 0.027 0.147 −0.118 −0.073* 0.325
  (0.304) (0.077) (0.071) (0.712) (0.107) (0.309) (0.076) (0.174)
Second tercile of wealth, age 15 −0.014 0.074 0.073 −0.009 −0.005 −0.072 −0.007 0.038
  (0.829) (0.267) (0.296) (0.806) (0.915) (0.170) (0.808) (0.803)
Third tercile of wealth, age 15 −0.105 0.060 0.033 −0.025 0.050 −0.044 −0.035 −0.054
  (0.139) (0.442) (0.743) (0.654) (0.438) (0.514) (0.144) (0.762)
Mother’s education - secondary school 0.037 −0.031 0.022 0.027 0.036 −0.002 −0.023 0.046
  (0.382) (0.451) (0.590) (0.440) (0.488) (0.943) (0.324) (0.554)
Mother’s education - higher education 0.042 −0.013 0.038 0.039 −0.078 0.057 0.002 −0.008
  (0.525) (0.863) (0.640) (0.538) (0.157) (0.543) (0.950) (0.964)
Single parent, age 15 0.068 0.036 0.087 0.070 0.138*** 0.160** 0.045 0.357**
  (0.292) (0.509) (0.115) (0.195) (0.008) (0.023) (0.125) (0.021)
Child has older siblings −0.002 0.037 0.046 0.028 −0.046 0.006 −0.002 0.015
  (0.950) (0.383) (0.243) (0.404) (0.133) (0.929) (0.924) (0.875)
Number of siblings, age 15 −0.015 −0.017 −0.008 0.008 −0.001 0.041 0.017 −0.007
  (0.285) (0.337) (0.707) (0.399) (0.955) (0.105) (0.198) (0.836)
Chils is enrolled, age 15 −0.042 −0.062 −0.105 0.046 −0.026 −0.192 −0.035 −0.120
  (0.683) (0.587) (0.292) (0.619) (0.735) (0.111) (0.703) (0.578)
PPVT z-score, age 15 −0.052** −0.029 −0.008 −0.041 0.035 −0.023 0.010 −0.076
  (0.046) (0.504) (0.834) (0.186) (0.270) (0.651) (0.530) (0.401)
Math z-score, age 15 0.013 0.001 −0.020 −0.016 −0.015 −0.006 −0.017 −0.033
  (0.527) (0.920) (0.327) (0.448) (0.606) (0.775) (0.203) (0.406)
Number of observations 490 490 490 490 490 490 490 490
R-squared 0.201 0.188 0.188 0.121 0.108 0.118 0.097 0.177
  1. Note: The table reports the estimates of the linear probability model with standard errors (in parentheses) clustered at cluster level, * p<0.1 ** p<0.05 *** p<0.01. All controls were included as reported together with dummy variables for the cluster that individuals were recruited in the 2002 round; coefficients for these are not reported