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Table 7 Psychosocial competencies at age 15 on Risky Behaviours at age 19, with gender interactions

From: Psychosocial competencies and risky behaviours in Peru

    Drinking Drugs Unprotected Criminal Carried No. of
  Smoking Drinking & violence consumption sex. beh. a weapon risky beh.
Self-efficacy, age 15 −0.057 −0.002 0.013 −0.057 −0.066 0.002 −0.042 −0.225
  (0.273) (0.963) (0.796) (0.153) (0.400) (0.982) (0.159) (0.106)
Self-esteem, age 15 −0.012 −0.053 −0.040 −0.018 −0.026 −0.099* −0.039* −0.148
  (0.655) (0.207) (0.437) (0.598) (0.646) (0.098) (0.052) (0.112)
Male x self-efficacy, age 15 0.085 −0.067 −0.067 0.065 0.067 0.004 0.035 0.185
  (0.339) (0.319) (0.284) (0.364) (0.519) (0.967) (0.349) (0.429)
Male x self-esteem, age 15 −0.111* −0.020 −0.076 0.003 0.012 −0.094 −0.012 −0.129
  (0.087) (0.750) (0.361) (0.950) (0.894) (0.360) (0.799) (0.424)
Child is male 0.218*** 0.228*** 0.253*** 0.125*** −0.037 0.130*** 0.021 0.556***
  (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.001) (0.428) (0.005) (0.259) (0.000)
Age in R4 0.098*** 0.098** 0.098** 0.039* −0.001 −0.002 −0.022 0.212**
  (0.003) (0.043) (0.027) (0.074) (0.991) (0.962) (0.431) (0.046)
Type site − rural, age 15 −0.066 −0.262*** −0.207** 0.021 0.056 0.138 0.033 −0.218
  (0.505) (0.000) (0.023) (0.749) (0.469) (0.165) (0.348) (0.260)
Migrated between 15 and 18 0.052 0.133 0.152 0.026 0.136 −0.152 −0.089** 0.258
  (0.503) (0.141) (0.157) (0.739) (0.154) (0.274) (0.017) (0.366)
Second tercile of wealth, age 15 −0.004 0.081 0.083 −0.008 −0.007 −0.059 −0.005 0.057
  (0.949) (0.262) (0.250) (0.845) (0.887) (0.316) (0.882) (0.743)
Third tercile of wealth, age 15 −0.086 0.070 0.048 −0.022 0.055 −0.023 −0.025 −0.008
  (0.219) (0.380) (0.623) (0.691) (0.419) (0.706) (0.310) (0.966)
Mother’s education - secondary school 0.039 −0.025 0.028 0.027 0.039 0.002 −0.018 0.061
  (0.332) (0.539) (0.525) (0.465) (0.462) (0.960) (0.486) (0.524)
Mother’s education - higher education 0.059 0.003 0.058 0.041 −0.064 0.091 0.021 0.060
  (0.363) (0.966) (0.477) (0.561) (0.248) (0.240) (0.464) (0.751)
Single parent, age 15 0.071 0.039 0.090 0.071 0.139*** 0.168** 0.047* 0.367**
  (0.284) (0.492) (0.114) (0.190) (0.007) (0.024) (0.098) (0.021)
Child has older siblings 0.004 0.045 0.053 0.030 −0.034 0.016 0.010 0.054
  (0.905) (0.313) (0.185) (0.416) (0.317) (0.824) (0.648) (0.588)
Number of siblings, age 15 −0.012 −0.013 −0.004 0.010 0.001 0.048* 0.020 0.006
  (0.371) (0.462) (0.850) (0.298) (0.963) (0.067) (0.141) (0.864)
Child is enrolled, age 15 −0.057 −0.091 −0.117 0.003 −0.054 −0.252** −0.048 −0.247
  (0.519) (0.396) (0.206) (0.975) (0.478) (0.010) (0.545) (0.184)
PPVT z-score, age 15 −0.049* −0.026 −0.004 −0.044 0.038 −0.023 0.015 −0.067
  (0.052) (0.543) (0.917) (0.187) (0.252) (0.671) (0.358) (0.484)
Math z-score, age 15 0.010 −0.000 −0.023 −0.015 −0.016 −0.015 −0.020 −0.042
  (0.659) (0.977) (0.255) (0.452) (0.558) (0.552) (0.119) (0.296)
Number of observations 490 490 490 490 490 490 490 490
R-squared 0.214 0.195 0.199 0.117 0.106 0.132 0.100 0.184
  1. Note: The table reports the estimates of the linear probability model with standard errors (in parentheses) clustered at cluster level, * p<0.1 ** p<0.05 *** p<0.01. All controls were included as reported together with dummy variables for the cluster that individuals were recruited in the 2002 round; coefficients for these are not reported