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Table 6 Educational Aspirations at age 15 on participation in risky behaviours at age 19

From: Psychosocial competencies and risky behaviours in Peru

    Drinking Drugs Unprotected Criminal Carried No. of
  Smoking Drinking & violence consumption sex. beh. a weapon risky beh.
Child aspired for higher education, age 15 −0.090 −0.119 −0.093 −0.123 −0.070 −0.226** −0.044 −0.447*
  (0.391) (0.121) (0.310) (0.178) (0.274) (0.042) (0.461) (0.081)
Child is male 0.221*** 0.229*** 0.254*** 0.128*** −0.032 0.128*** 0.025 0.571***
  (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.510) (0.003) (0.177) (0.000)
Age in R4 0.091*** 0.099** 0.098** 0.035 −0.004 −0.005 −0.025 0.195*
  (0.009) (0.040) (0.026) (0.124) (0.925) (0.886) (0.365) (0.063)
Type site - rural, age 15 −0.084 −0.277*** −0.229*** 0.018 0.058 0.110 0.030 −0.255
  (0.379) (0.000) (0.010) (0.769) (0.411) (0.276) (0.343) (0.145)
Migrated between 15 and 18 0.070 0.149* 0.173* 0.031 0.138 −0.122 −0.082** 0.305
  (0.308) (0.077) (0.078) (0.668) (0.139) (0.314) (0.038) (0.226)
Second tercile of wealth, age 15 −0.015 0.073 0.071 −0.008 −0.008 −0.073 −0.011 0.031
  (0.821) (0.277) (0.307) (0.834) (0.860) (0.162) (0.731) (0.840)
Third tercile of wealth, age 15 −0.106 0.060 0.032 −0.024 0.049 −0.045 −0.036 −0.056
  (0.136) (0.444) (0.746) (0.661) (0.451) (0.507) (0.138) (0.753)
Mother’s education - secondary school 0.037 −0.031 0.022 0.027 0.036 −0.002 −0.023 0.045
  (0.383) (0.449) (0.594) (0.439) (0.483) (0.939) (0.322) (0.556)
Mother’s education - higher education 0.043 −0.010 0.042 0.037 −0.071 0.060 0.008 0.006
  (0.520) (0.891) (0.604) (0.568) (0.201) (0.512) (0.808) (0.973)
Single parent, age 15 0.068 0.036 0.087 0.070 0.139*** 0.161** 0.045 0.358**
  (0.293) (0.511) (0.117) (0.192) (0.007) (0.024) (0.110) (0.022)
Child has older siblings −0.001 0.039 0.049 0.026 −0.041 0.009 0.003 0.026
  (0.966) (0.359) (0.221) (0.459) (0.165) (0.899) (0.876) (0.780)
Number of siblings, age 15 −0.015 −0.017 −0.008 0.008 −0.001 0.041 0.017 −0.007
  (0.284) (0.345) (0.709) (0.402) (0.949) (0.107) (0.209) (0.834)
Child is enrolled, age 15 −0.042 −0.062 −0.106 0.046 −0.027 −0.192 −0.036 −0.122
  (0.682) (0.575) (0.268) (0.620) (0.717) (0.112) (0.695) (0.552)
PPVT z-score, age 15 −0.052** −0.028 −0.007 −0.041 0.036 −0.023 0.011 −0.074
  (0.049) (0.517) (0.850) (0.178) (0.253) (0.661) (0.473) (0.424)
Math z-score, age 15 0.013 0.001 −0.021 −0.015 −0.016 −0.007 −0.018 −0.036
  (0.543) (0.946) (0.304) (0.457) (0.575) (0.757) (0.160) (0.374)
Number of observations 490 490 490 490 490 490 490 490
R-squared 0.201 0.188 0.188 0.119 0.104 0.117 0.085 0.174
  1. Note: The table reports the estimates of the linear probability model with standard errors (in parentheses) clustered at cluster level, * p<0.1 ** p<0.05 *** p<0.01. All controls were included as reported together with dummy variables for the cluster that individuals were recruited in the 2002 round; coefficients for these are not reported