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Table 5 Psychosocial competencies at age 15 on participation in risky behaviours at age 19

From: Psychosocial competencies and risky behaviours in Peru

    Drinking Drugs Unprotected Criminal Carried No. of
  Smoking Drinking & violence consumption sex. beh. a weapon risky beh.
Self-efficacy, age 15 −0.008 −0.041 −0.026 −0.019 −0.027 0.004 −0.022 −0.117
  (0.799) (0.360) (0.616) (0.672) (0.550) (0.942) (0.390) (0.361)
Self-esteem, age 15 −0.065** −0.062* −0.076** −0.017 −0.020 −0.144* −0.045** −0.210**
  (0.011) (0.063) (0.023) (0.532) (0.648) (0.060) (0.019) (0.015)
Child is male 0.221*** 0.225*** 0.251*** 0.128*** −0.034 0.130*** 0.022 0.562***
  (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.455) (0.004) (0.235) (0.000)
Age in R4 0.092*** 0.100** 0.099** 0.036 −0.004 −0.004 −0.024 0.201*
  (0.006) (0.036) (0.021) (0.121) (0.943) (0.920) (0.400) (0.059)
Type site - rural, age 15 −0.079 −0.270*** −0.224** 0.025 0.062 0.123 0.033 −0.228
  (0.408) (0.000) (0.010) (0.703) (0.389) (0.236) (0.375) (0.220)
Migrated between 15 and 18 0.061 0.137 0.162 0.024 0.132 −0.143 −0.088** 0.265
  (0.422) (0.117) (0.115) (0.763) (0.170) (0.303) (0.024) (0.350)
Second tercile of wealth, age 15 −0.010 0.079 0.079 −0.007 −0.006 −0.064 −0.005 0.051
  (0.888) (0.265) (0.275) (0.854) (0.903) (0.280) (0.870) (0.766)
Third tercile of wealth, age 15 −0.097 0.071 0.044 −0.024 0.054 −0.030 −0.027 −0.024
  (0.176) (0.379) (0.655) (0.667) (0.434) (0.635) (0.259) (0.899)
Mother’s education - secondary school 0.040 −0.025 0.029 0.026 0.038 0.003 −0.018 0.062
  (0.317) (0.547) (0.516) (0.471) (0.459) (0.929) (0.489) (0.521)
Mother’s education - higher education 0.059 0.006 0.062 0.039 −0.066 0.093 0.020 0.057
  (0.377) (0.944) (0.464) (0.572) (0.244) (0.242) (0.491) (0.762)
Single parent, age 15 0.071 0.038 0.089 0.072 0.140*** 0.167** 0.047* 0.367**
  (0.285) (0.490) (0.113) (0.197) (0.006) (0.024) (0.099) (0.021)
Child has older siblings 0.004 0.048 0.057 0.028 −0.037 0.019 0.009 0.051
  (0.903) (0.281) (0.157) (0.429) (0.267) (0.800) (0.676) (0.604)
Number of siblings, age 15 −0.012 −0.013 −0.004 0.010 0.001 0.048* 0.020 0.006
  (0.384) (0.462) (0.858) (0.300) (0.964) (0.069) (0.137) (0.854)
Child is enrolled, age 15 −0.072 −0.098 −0.134 0.007 −0.048 −0.269** −0.049 −0.260
  (0.395) (0.339) (0.127) (0.937) (0.494) (0.010) (0.547) (0.136)
PPVT z-score, age 15 −0.051* −0.026 −0.003 −0.045 0.037 −0.024 0.015 −0.069
  (0.063) (0.551) (0.926) (0.188) (0.254) (0.667) (0.375) (0.478)
Math z-score, age 15 0.009 −0.001 −0.024 −0.015 −0.016 −0.016 −0.020 −0.043
  (0.703) (0.954) (0.216) (0.464) (0.561) (0.514) (0.118) (0.290)
Number of observations 490 490 490 490 490 490 490 490
R-squared 0.207 0.193 0.195 0.114 0.104 0.130 0.099 0.182
  1. Note: The table reports the estimates of the linear probability model with standard errors (in parentheses) clustered at cluster level, *p <0.1; **p <0.05; ***p <0.01. All controls were included as reported together with dummy variables for the cluster that individuals were recruited in the 2002 round; coefficients for these are not reported