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Table 4 Descriptive statistics

From: Psychosocial competencies and risky behaviours in Peru

  Total Not at risk At risk t test
  Mean Std. Dev. Mean Std. Dev. Mean Std. Dev. p value
Child is male 0.53 0.500 0.40 0.491 0.63 0.483 0.000
Age in R4 18.41 0.582 18.36 0.540 18.46 0.610 0.052
Mother’s education - primary school or none 0.33 0.472 0.32 0.468 0.34 0.476 0.600
Mother’s education - secondary school 0.42 0.493 0.40 0.490 0.43 0.496 0.404
Mother’s education - higher education 0.16 0.365 0.19 0.391 0.14 0.343 0.114
Descriptives, age 15        
Type site - rural, age 15 0.22 0.418 0.24 0.431 0.21 0.407 0.351
Migrated between 15 and 19 0.08 0.268 0.07 0.254 0.08 0.278 0.535
First tercile of wealth 0.32 0.469 0.30 0.461 0.34 0.475 0.392
Second tercile of wealth 0.34 0.473 0.35 0.477 0.33 0.471 0.711
Third tercile of wealth 0.34 0.474 0.35 0.478 0.33 0.471 0.634
Single parent, age 15 0.26 0.440 0.21 0.406 0.30 0.461 0.016
Child has older siblings 0.35 0.478 0.35 0.478 0.35 0.478 0.974
Number of siblings 1.92 1.281 1.98 1.303 1.87 1.264 0.367
Self-efficacy 0.02 0.521 0.08 0.525 −0.03 0.514 0.015
Self-esteem 0.00 0.594 0.04 0.601 −0.02 0.589 0.229
Child aspirations 0.92 0.26 0.95 0.220 0.90 0.294 0.064
Mother’s aspirations 0.93 0.247 0.95 0.210 0.92 0.273 0.125
Child is enrolled 0.94 0.232 0.96 0.189 0.93 0.261 0.085
PPVT (standardized) −0.02 1.009 0.03 1.015 −0.06 1.005 0.337
Math (standardized) −0.01 0.998 0.09 1.062 −0.08 0.940 0.069
Observations 490 217 273  
Descriptives, age 12        
Migrated between age 7 and 15 0.13 0.338 0.12 0.323 0.14 0.351 0.393
Self-efficacy 0.01 0.515 0.04 0.468 −0.02 0.549 0.192
Self-esteem 0.04 0.666 0.07 0.641 0.01 0.686 0.264
Child aspirations 0.92 0.272 0.94 0.240 0.90 0.294 0.151
Mother’s aspirations 0.95 0.213 0.95 0.223 0.96 0.206 0.672
Raven (standardized) 0.02 1.009 0.05 1.053 −0.01 0.975 0.512
Observations 524 230 294