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Table 14 Consumption of cigarrettes, alcohols and drugs at Age 18 by gender and location

From: Psychosocial competencies and risky behaviours in Peru

  Female Male   Urban Rural  
  % n % n test % n % n test
Alcohol consumption
How often do you drink alcohol?
  Everyday   0.4 1 0.7 2 −0.3 0.5 2 0.7 1 −0.3
  At least once a week   0.8 2 5.3 16 −4.5*** 3.9 17 0.7 1 3.1*
  At least once a month   3.3 9 7.9 24 −4.6** 5.7 25 5.8 8 −0.1
  Only on special occasions   30.6 83 32.9 100 −2.3 33.5 148 26.8 37 6.7
  Hardly ever   24.0 65 34.5 105 −10.55*** 30.8 136 25.4 35 5.4
  I never drink alcohol   41.0 111 18.8 57 22.21*** 25.8 114 40.6 56 −14.8***
How much do you usually drink per day?
  I never drink alcohol   41.0 111 18.8 57 22.21*** 31.2 114 46.3 56 −14.8***
  1 cup/glass or less   38.4 104 32.9 100 5.48 29.5 160 27.2 46 2.87
  2 cups/glasses 60   8.9 24 16.5 50 −7.59*** 14.2 60 10.3 14 3.43
  3 cups/glasses or more   11.8 32 31.9 97 −20.10*** 25.1 108 16.2 22 8.49**
Have you ever been drunk for too much alcohol?
  Yes   22.4 60 44.4 134 −22.0*** 37.7 165 22.6 31 15.0***
  No   77.6 208 55.6 168   62.3 273 77.4 106  
Cigarettes consumption
How old were you when you tried a cigarette for the first time?
  Average age    16.1   16.0    14.1   16.5  
How often do you smoke cigarettes now?
  Everyday   0.7 2 1.3 4 −0.6 1.4 6 0.0 0 1.4
  At least once a week   2.6 7 10.7 32 −8.1*** 7.5 33 5.1 7 2.4
  At least once a month   4.4 12 18.4 55 −14.0*** 11.6 51 11.7 16 −0.0
  Hardly ever   18.8 51 35.1 105 −16.3*** 27.2 119 28.5 39 −1.3
  I never smoke cigarettes   73.4 199 34.5 103 39.0*** 52.3 229 54.7 75 −2.5
How many cigarettes do you usually smoke per day?
  I never smoke cigarettes   73.4 199 34.4 103 39.0*** 52.3 229 54.7 75 −2.5
  1 cigarette or less per day   25.1 68 57.5 172 −32.4*** 42.0 184 42.3 58 −0.3
  2 to 5 cigarettes per day   1.5 4 7.0 21 −5.6*** 5.3 23 2.2 3 3.6
  6 or more per day   0.0 0 1.0 3 −1.0* 0.5 2 0.7 1 −0.3
Drugs consumption
Have you ever tried drugs?
  Yes   7.6 20 18.8 57 −11.23*** 14.0 61 12.4 17 1.6
  No   92.4 244 81.2 246   86.0 374 87.6 120  
Sexual behaviours
How old were you when you had sex for the first time?
  Average age    16.6   16.0    16.1   16.5  
Ever had sex?
  Yes   55.1 146 78.8 231 −23.7*** 66.7 288 70.2 92 −3.56
  No   44.9 119 21.2 62   33.3 144 29.8 39  
Used condom on last sexual relation
  Yes   24.2 64 55.6 163 −31.5 *** 39.8 172 43.5 57 −3.7
  No   30.9 82 23.2 68 7.7 ** 26.9 116 26.7 35 0.1
  Never had sex   44.9 119 21.2 62 23.7 *** 33.3 144 29.8 39 3.6
Criminal behaviours
During the last 30 days, on how many days did you carry a weapon?
  Never   96.0 262 93.7 284 2.2 95.3 422 93.5 129 1.8
  1 day   2.2 6 4.0 12 −1.8 3.2 14 2.9 4 0.3
  2 to 3 days   0.8 2 0.7 2 0.1 0.5 2 1.5 2 −1.0
  More than 4 days   1.1 3 1.7 5 0.6 1.1 5 2.2 3 −1.0
Have you ever been member of a gang?
  Yes   2.9 8 7.6 23 −4.7** 5.9 26 3.6 5 2.3
  No   97.1 264 92.4 280   94.1 416 96.4 133  
Have you ever been arrested by the police for illegal behaviour?
  Yes   2.6 7 8.2 25 −5.6*** 5.4 24 5.8 8 −0.4
  No   97.4 267 91.8 280   94.6 421 94.2 131  
Have you ever been sentenced to spend time in a corrections institution?
  Yes   4.0 11 8.5 26 −4.5** 5.9 26 7.9 11 −2.1
  No   96.0 262 91.5 279   94.1 418 92.1 128