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Table 12 Fixed effects estimation of educational aspirations on participation in risky behaviours at age 19

From: Psychosocial competencies and risky behaviours in Peru

    Drinking Drugs Unprotected Carried No. of
  Smoking Drinking & violence consumption sex. a weapon risky beh.
Child aspired for higher education 0.071 0.060 0.041 0.028 −0.035 0.035 0.160
  (0.367) (0.459) (0.641) (0.682) (0.629) (0.598) (0.431)
Type site - rural −0.237*** −0.527*** −0.665*** −0.235*** −0.352*** 0.040 −1.312***
  (0.002) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.520) (0.000)
Migrated between rounds 0.141** 0.248*** 0.331*** 0.091* 0.138* −0.038 0.579***
  (0.025) (0.002) (0.000) (0.068) (0.090) (0.501) (0.003)
Wealth tercile : middle −0.059 0.032 −0.004 −0.024 0.048 0.008 0.005
  (0.308) (0.606) (0.952) (0.461) (0.455) (0.848) (0.972)
Wealth tercile: top −0.145** 0.070 0.001 −0.089** 0.024 −0.017 −0.157
  (0.038) (0.379) (0.995) (0.046) (0.779) (0.749) (0.379)
Single parent 0.073 0.135 0.191** 0.044 0.133* 0.023 0.409**
  (0.314) (0.124) (0.026) (0.275) (0.090) (0.354) (0.023)
Number of siblings −0.012 −0.013 −0.011 0.001 −0.042* 0.000 −0.065
  (0.519) (0.538) (0.640) (0.936) (0.069) (0.974) (0.227)
Child is enrolled −0.128 −0.229** −0.170 −0.151* −0.255** 0.081 −0.682***
  (0.116) (0.045) (0.171) (0.079) (0.013) (0.386) (0.004)
PPVT z-score −0.026 −0.088*** −0.050 −0.051*** 0.003 0.005 −0.157**
  (0.307) (0.006) (0.157) (0.005) (0.935) (0.789) (0.019)
Math z-score −0.021 −0.058** −0.062** 0.019 −0.029 −0.015 −0.104
  (0.399) (0.045) (0.037) (0.346) (0.324) (0.400) (0.138)
Number of observations 872 872 872 872 872 872 872
R-squared 0.055 0.123 0.141 0.074 0.096 0.011 0.156
  1. Note: The table reports the estimates for the individual fixed effects model, * p<0.1 ** p<0.05 *** p<0.01. All controls were included as reported