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Table 11 Fixed effects estimation of psychosocial competencies on participation in risky behaviours at age 19

From: Psychosocial competencies and risky behaviours in Peru

    Drinking Drugs Unprotected Carried No. of
  Smoking Drinking & violence consumption sex. a weapon risky beh.
Self-efficacy −0.030 0.027 0.042 0.015 −0.026 −0.053** −0.068
  (0.422) (0.480) (0.263) (0.606) (0.467) (0.045) (0.456)
Self-esteem −0.048* −0.096*** −0.090** −0.010 0.009 −0.030 −0.174**
  (0.074) (0.003) (0.012) (0.696) (0.793) (0.204) (0.024)
Type site - rural −0.259*** −0.581*** −0.718*** −0.246*** −0.338*** 0.034 −1.391***
  (0.002) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.001) (0.578) (0.000)
Migrated between rounds 0.150** 0.276*** 0.359*** 0.096* 0.131 −0.038 0.616***
  (0.022) (0.000) (0.000) (0.059) (0.107) (0.503) (0.001)
Wealth tercile : middle −0.047 0.050 0.012 −0.023 0.048 0.018 0.046
  (0.410) (0.410) (0.853) (0.465) (0.450) (0.659) (0.735)
Wealth tercile: top −0.132* 0.085 0.012 −0.087** 0.022 −0.007 −0.120
  (0.057) (0.280) (0.887) (0.044) (0.791) (0.888) (0.488)
Single parent 0.079 0.139 0.193** 0.044 0.133* 0.029 0.424**
  (0.264) (0.111) (0.025) (0.277) (0.092) (0.261) (0.018)
Number of siblings −0.011 −0.011 −0.009 0.002 −0.043* 0.000 −0.063
  (0.547) (0.610) (0.708) (0.910) (0.064) (0.972) (0.250)
Child is enrolled −0.095 −0.210** −0.160 −0.148* −0.256** 0.110 −0.598***
  (0.222) (0.046) (0.157) (0.086) (0.013) (0.231) (0.006)
PPVT z-score −0.029 −0.087*** −0.049 −0.049*** 0.000 0.000 −0.166**
  (0.247) (0.007) (0.179) (0.009) (0.999) (0.983) (0.015)
Math z-score −0.028 −0.068** −0.071** 0.018 −0.028 −0.020 −0.127*
  (0.276) (0.015) (0.016) (0.376) (0.342) (0.269) (0.071)
Number of observations 872 872 872 872 872 872 872
R-squared 0.064 0.139 0.156 0.074 0.097 0.033 0.168
  1. Note: The table reports the estimates for the individual fixed effects model, * p<0.1 ** p<0.05 *** p<0.01. All controls were included as reported