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Table 15 Estimates of split-cure model—first stable employment—proportional Weibull hazard function

From: Pathways from school to work in the developing world

  Armenia Benin Brazil Cambodia Egypt El Salvador Jamaica Jordan Macedonia, FYR OPT Peru Samoa Tanzania
Age left education
 16–18 −0.186 −0.554 0.542*** 0.809*** −0.904 −0.033 1.305*** 0.604*** 0.932*** 0.501*** 0.312 0.868*** 0.260
(0.265) (0.459) (0.090) (0.169) (0.724) (0.127) (0.182) (0.112) (0.308) (0.169) (0.205) (0.242) (0.472)
 After 18 0.427 0.740*** 0.721*** 1.075*** −0.279 0.424*** 1.646*** 0.729*** 1.289*** 0.811*** 0.447** 1.114*** 0.956**
(0.268) (0.263) (0.092) (0.173) (0.608) (0.127) (0.204) (0.113) (0.312) (0.172) (0.225) (0.257) (0.482)
Work in school 1.132*** −−0.350 1.136*** −0.663*** 0.224 0.482*** 0.854*** 0.428*** 0.542*** 0.148 0.389*** 0.551* −0.408
(0.138) (0.382) (0.197) (0.173) (0.516) (0.100) (0.136) (0.137) (0.148) (0.115) (0.133) (0.296) (0.458)
Father education
 Primary −0.433** −0.155 0.288*** 0.327** 0.337 −0.561** −0.250 0.205*** 0.665*** 0.211   0.228 0.117
(0.218) (0.336) (0.077) (0.160) (0.514) (0.230) (0.173) (0.079) (0.155) (0.130)   (0.162) (0.373)
 Secondary −0.523**   0.247   0.203   0.037 0.299*** 0.593*** −0.047 −0.960***   
(0.224)   (0.154)   (0.599)   (0.306) (0.098) (0.219) (0.123) (0.276)   
Urban 0.118 −0.652** 0.431*** −0.117 −0.252 −0.141 0.060 −0.016 0.436*** −0.256*    0.067
(0.152) (0.261) (0.087) (0.143) (0.440) (0.095) (0.124) (0.085) (0.127) (0.135)    (0.306)
Female 0.520*** 0.153 −0.077 0.115 0.251 −0.400*** −0.358*** −1.185*** 0.412*** −0.200 −0.182 0.178 −1.088**
(0.129) (0.257) (0.056) (0.127) (0.479) (0.099) (0.120) (0.086) (0.157) (0.262) (0.138) (0.136) (0.441)
GDP growth at time of leaving education 0.001 0.024 −0.024** −0.003 −0.063 0.058** 0.051 −0.020 0.011 0.007 0.003 0.036 0.043
(0.007) (0.103) (0.012) (0.020) (0.126) (0.027) (0.044) (0.015) (0.022) (0.016) (0.023) (0.029) (0.206)
Ln(g) −0.394*** −0.617*** −0.504*** −0.686*** −0.328*** −0.537*** −0.454*** −0.443*** −0.367*** −0.422*** −0.454*** −0.442*** −0.461***
(0.037) (0.067) (0.020) (0.036) (0.092) (0.028) (0.038) (0.023) (0.046) (0.040) (0.038) (0.043) (0.070)
Observations 1849 1402 1582 2246 2011 2213 1499 2873 1228 1546 1341 1736 1001
  Togo Tunisia Ukraine Vietnam Uganda Madagascar Nepal Russian Fed. Kyrgyz Rep. Moldova, Rep.    
Age left education
 16–18 −1.607*** 0.319 0.014 1.082*** 0.255* 1.286*** 0.029 0.560 0.528 −0.971**    
(0.474) (0.252) (0.199) (0.200) (0.143) (0.399) (0.257) (0.731) (0.491) (0.395)    
 After 18 0.702 0.164 0.543*** 2.256*** 0.484*** 1.418** 0.512** 1.244* 1.649*** −0.662    
(0.464) (0.335) (0.193) (0.158) (0.147) (0.587) (0.225) (0.746) (0.481) (0.415)    
Work in school −0.591 0.048 0.117 −0.260 0.197 −0.085 −0.115 −0.223 0.151 0.390    
(0.379) (0.177) (0.078) (0.161) (0.125) (0.401) (0.179) (0.281) (0.185) (0.259)    
Father education
 Primary −0.451 0.115   0.061 −0.053 −0.090 0.282 0.090 −0.100     
(0.302) (0.275)   (0.119) (0.186) (0.404) (0.245) (0.292) (0.182)     
 Secondary   0.033 0.075 −0.009 −0.315   0.401 −0.172 −0.052 −0.215    
  (0.437) (0.078) (0.182) (0.209)   (0.330) (0.308) (0.204) (0.529)    
Urban 0.650** −0.273 −0.079 0.243** −0.415*** −0.708* −0.523** 0.644** 0.048 −0.829***    
(0.314) (0.239) (0.082) (0.115) (0.144) (0.399) (0.241) (0.274) (0.131) (0.271)    
Female 0.250 −0.493** −0.167** 0.130 0.149 0.203 −0.586*** −0.612** 0.005 −0.455*    
(0.283) (0.236) (0.071) (0.096) (0.118) (0.343) (0.224) (0.263) (0.135) (0.244)    
GDP growth at time of leaving education 0.060 0.037 −0.004 −0.211*** −0.012 −0.051 0.044 −0.026 −0.045** −0.023    
(0.051) (0.045) (0.005) (0.055) (0.031) (0.033) (0.064) (0.023) (0.021) (0.029)    
(0.531) (0.334) (0.209) (0.445) (0.247) (0.392) (0.372) (0.919) (0.490) (0.347)    
Ln(g) −0.736*** −0.520*** −0.276*** −0.293*** −0.534*** −0.653*** −0.471*** −0.365*** −0.303*** −0.119    
(0.092) (0.049) (0.023) (0.034) (0.036) (0.085) (0.052) (0.060) (0.039) (0.079)    
Observations 832 1458 1727 1620 1894 1508 1109 1975 1776 507    
  1. Notes. The table reports similar regressions to those in Table 13 in the Appendix for the hazard function of transiting to the first stable employment. Standard errors in brackets. ***,**,*: significant at 1, 5, and 10 percent level, respectively