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Table 14 Estimates of split-cure model—first stable employment—probability of never transiting

From: Pathways from school to work in the developing world

  Armenia Benin Brazil Cambodia Egypt El Salvador Jamaica Jordan Macedonia, FYR OPT Peru Samoa Tanzania
Age left education
 16–18 0.269 0.482   −0.594*** 0.614 0.220** −0.858* −0.132 16.693 −0.469 −0.049 0.467*** 0.103
(0.240) (0.323)   (0.158) (0.482) (0.097) (0.475) (0.229) (750.850) (0.521) (0.176) (0.178) (0.418)
 After 18 0.975*** 0.812***   −0.246 1.339*** 0.231** −0.571 5.031 16.239 1.375** −0.003 0.248 −0.320
(0.247) (0.200)   (0.168) (0.399) (0.104) (0.483) (51.854) (750.850) (0.537) (0.193) (0.195) (0.396)
Work in school −0.163 0.890***   0.224 0.162 0.043 −0.209 −0.244 −0.703 0.920* 0.015 0.132 0.501
(0.166) (0.266)   (0.180) (0.333) (0.090) (0.157) (0.227) (0.661) (0.538) (0.119) (0.263) (0.429)
 Primary −0.053 0.415*   0.167 0.417 0.608** 0.137 −0.163 −14.541 0.441   −0.050 −0.225
(0.196) (0.230)   (0.139) (0.339) (0.253) (0.186) (0.173) (750.850) (0.326)   (0.129) (0.320)
 Secondary 0.191     0.850**   −0.030 −0.701*** −10.950 0.919*** 0.657**   
(0.223)     (0.396)   (0.294) (0.244) (744.011) (0.346) (0.325)   
Urban 0.648*** 0.471**   0.659*** 0.437 0.745*** 0.339** −0.102 0.772* 0.387    0.044
(0.150) (0.192)   (0.142) (0.298) (0.081) (0.143) (0.209) (0.452) (0.344)    (0.271)
Female −1.262*** −0.811***   −0.265** −0.470 −0.423*** 0.182 −2.416*** −15.745 −3.883*** −0.315*** 0.143 0.725
(0.180) (0.183)   (0.119) (0.343) (0.086) (0.151) (0.175) (750.851) (0.557) (0.119) (0.111) (0.465)
GDP growth at time of leaving education −0.010 0.085   −0.010 0.040 0.018 −0.056 0.116*** −0.103 −0.036 −0.019 0.097*** 0.061
(0.008) (0.080)   (0.018) (0.092) (0.022) (0.051) (0.043) (0.114) (0.048) (0.019) (0.022) (0.177)
Observations 1849 1401   2246 2010 2211 1486 2879 1228 1544 1342 1728 999
  Togo Tunisia Ukraine Vietnam Uganda Madagascar Nepal Russian Fed. Kyrgyz Rep. Moldova, Rep.    
Age left education
 16–18 3.570 −0.036 0.052 −0.495 −0.030 −0.401 0.218 0.037 0.331 0.396    
(2.875) (0.214) (0.187) (0.342) (0.115) (0.333) (0.188) (0.525) (0.346) (0.359)    
 After 18 −0.052 0.055 0.264 −0.543* 0.297** −0.260 0.181 −0.480 1.343*** 0.335    
(0.369) (0.347) (0.182) (0.325) (0.125) (0.428) (0.169) (0.537) (0.341) (0.378)    
Work in school 0.820** 0.579** 0.160* 0.044 −0.411*** −0.351 0.258* 0.027 −0.180 −0.157    
(0.412) (0.225) (0.083) (0.213) (0.102) (0.280) (0.136) (0.200) (0.145) (0.231)    
Father education
 Primary 0.724** 0.120   0.091 0.079 0.545* −0.253 0.126 −0.236*     
(0.317) (0.302)   (0.148) (0.148) (0.298) (0.196) (0.188) (0.142)     
 Secondary   1.160 0.031 0.166 0.313*   0.136 0.099 0.052 −0.700    
  (1.204) (0.078) (0.199) (0.178)   (0.239) (0.218) (0.168) (0.482)    
Urban 0.132 0.537** 0.369*** 0.350** 0.820*** 0.732** 0.392** −0.490*** 0.228** 0.480**    
(0.361) (0.257) (0.079) (0.137) (0.129) (0.343) (0.157) (0.187) (0.107) (0.244)    
Female −0.677** −0.481** −0.221*** −0.082 −0.600*** −0.062 −0.937*** −0.629*** −0.182* −0.346    
(0.281) (0.235) (0.071) (0.121) (0.100) (0.251) (0.158) (0.179) (0.104) (0.224)    
GDP growth at time of leaving education −0.060 −0.034 0.003 0.262*** −0.041 0.047** 0.082 0.035* 0.019 0.015    
(0.045) (0.053) (0.005) (0.084) (0.025) (0.023) (0.060) (0.018) (0.015) (0.025)    
Observations 832 1458 1727 1620 1894 1508 1109 1975 1776 507    
  1. Notes. The table reports similar regressions to those in Table 11 in the Appendix for the probability of never transiting to the first stable employment. Standard errors in brackets. ***,**,*: significant at 1, 5, and 10 percent level, respectively