Skip to main content

Table 13 Estimates of split-cure model—first employment–proportional Weibull hazard function

From: Pathways from school to work in the developing world

  Armenia Benin Brazil Cambodia Egypt El Salvador Jamaica Jordan Macedonia, FYR OPT Peru Samoa Tanzania
Age left education
 16–18 0.343** −0.127 0.521*** 0.254*** −0.031 −0.017 0.968*** 0.434*** 0.351* −0.015 0.479*** 0.933*** 0.297***
(0.146) (0.113) (0.106) (0.052) (0.090) (0.081) (0.112) (0.096) (0.188) (0.155) (0.115) (0.150) (0.110)
 After 18 0.471*** 0.001 0.929*** 0.287*** −0.516*** 0.186** 1.165*** 0.672*** 0.649*** −0.112 0.755*** 1.302*** 0.310***
(0.160) (0.110) (0.107) (0.063) (0.092) (0.090) (0.130) (0.097) (0.194) (0.175) (0.119) (0.155) (0.117)
Work in school 0.610*** 0.146 1.786*** 0.337*** 0.387*** 0.475*** 0.591*** 0.568*** 1.004*** 0.745*** 0.425*** 0.460*** 0.278**
(0.091) (0.116) (0.270) (0.047) (0.066) (0.071) (0.099) (0.110) (0.106) (0.100) (0.069) (0.157) (0.116)
Father education
 Primary −0.132 −0.306** 0.243*** 0.046 −0.044 −0.718*** −0.198 0.082 0.328*** 0.146   0.201** 0.057
(0.130) (0.130) (0.092) (0.068) (0.085) (0.149) (0.131) (0.075) (0.101) (0.114)   (0.093) (0.113)
 Secondary −0.024   −0.136   0.013   0.412* 0.150 0.270 0.070 −0.186*   
(0.134)   (0.245)   (0.105)   (0.234) (0.104) (0.210) (0.117) (0.105)   
Urban −0.261*** −0.228*** −0.021 −0.144** 0.004 −0.029 0.100 0.068 −0.285*** −0.027    −0.222**
(0.076) (0.083) (0.095) (0.058) (0.063) (0.069) (0.088) (0.078) (0.099) (0.129)    (0.096)
Female −0.449*** 0.325*** −0.170** −0.076* −1.094*** −0.676*** −0.631*** −0.806*** −0.007 −0.564** −0.450*** −0.096 −0.402***
(0.082) (0.083) (0.073) (0.045) (0.090) (0.076) (0.087) (0.125) (0.094) (0.260) (0.069) (0.082) (0.088)
GDP growth at time of leaving education −0.011** −0.083** −0.016 −0.014** −0.052*** 0.001   0.023 −0.008 0.014 0.012 −0.012 0.097**
(0.005) (0.037) (0.016) (0.007) (0.018) (0.016)   (0.014) (0.017) (0.011) (0.012) (0.014) (0.049)
Ln(g) −0.339*** −0.615*** 0.181*** −0.406*** −0.485*** −0.507*** −0.481*** −0.412*** −0.484*** −0.341*** −0.316*** −0.364*** −0.475***
(0.025) (0.025) (0.027) (0.014) (0.021) (0.020) (0.028) (0.022) (0.033) (0.032) (0.022) (0.026) (0.031)
Observations 1849 1402 1575 2246 2011 2213 1499 2873 1228 1546 1341 1736 1001
Togo Tunisia Ukraine Vietnam Uganda Madagascar Nepal Russian Fed. Kyrgyz Rep. Moldova, Rep.    
Age left education
 16–18 −0.146 0.173 −0.353** 0.630*** 0.107 −0.151** 0.421*** 0.196 0.271** −0.046    
(0.099) (0.142) (0.162) (0.072) (0.066) (0.074) (0.116) (0.167) (0.126) (0.144)    
 After 18 −0.252** 0.351*** 0.100 1.004*** 0.263*** −0.024 0.601*** 0.823*** 0.751*** −0.000    
(0.119) (0.129) (0.158) (0.074) (0.075) (0.101) (0.108) (0.163) (0.130) (0.160)    
Work in school 0.300*** 0.343*** 0.246*** 0.318*** 0.306*** 0.388*** −0.079 0.228*** 0.314*** 0.363***    
(0.103) (0.100) (0.068) (0.072) (0.057) (0.058) (0.090) (0.074) (0.087) (0.108)    
Father education
 Primary −0.432*** 0.018   −0.015 0.160* −0.324*** −0.187 −0.059 0.067     
(0.104) (0.136)   (0.061) (0.083) (0.078) (0.144) (0.074) (0.097)     
 Secondary   −0.251 0.023 −0.206* −0.087   −0.326* 0.062 −0.182 0.146    
  (0.200) (0.068) (0.112) (0.092)   (0.175) (0.084) (0.139) (0.192)    
Urban −0.181* −0.221** −0.053 −0.327*** −0.249*** −0.353*** −0.380*** 0.124* −0.368*** −0.312**    
(0.095) (0.098) (0.070) (0.055) (0.068) (0.066) (0.102) (0.066) (0.071) (0.126)    
Female 0.102 −0.416*** −0.232*** −0.140*** −0.284*** −0.084 −0.416*** −0.141** −0.364*** −0.132    
(0.094) (0.111) (0.062) (0.054) (0.057) (0.055) (0.092) (0.064) (0.076) (0.106)    
GDP growth at time of leaving education 0.002 −0.016 −0.007* −0.102*** −0.005 0.000 0.045 −0.009 −0.015 −0.018    
(0.011) (0.023) (0.004) (0.025) (0.013) (0.005) (0.032) (0.008) (0.010) (0.011)    
Ln(g) −0.680*** −0.484*** −0.233*** −0.447*** −0.521*** −0.365*** −0.474*** −0.344*** −0.426*** −0.478***    
(0.031) (0.031) (0.020) (0.020) (0.018) (0.017) (0.027) (0.020) (0.024) (0.035)    
Observations 832 1463 1725 1620 1903 1511 1110 1984 1780 507    
  1. Notes. The table reports estimates of the hazard function of transiting to employment after leaving school from a split-cure model, separately by country, except for Brazil for which estimates are derived from a standard proportional Weibull hazard model. The hazard function is parameterized as g t g−1 exp(X'm), where t is time elapsed since leaving school. Estimates of the vector m and log(g) reported in the Table. See also notes to Table 12 in the Appendix