Skip to main content

Table 2 Proportion of Workers in Each Employment Category, by Region of the World

From: How Large are Earnings Penalties for Self-Employed and Informal Wage Workers?

A. Self-employed and employees Self-employment Shares (Standard Error) Employee Shares (Standard Error) Number of Countries Number of Surveys
 Total sample 0.267 (0.089) 0.733 (0.089) 73 347
 Region
  Latin America & Caribbean 0.321 (0.005) 0.679 (0.005) 20 217
  Europe & Central Asia (High-Income) 0.108 (0.007) 0.892 (0.007) 13 58
  Europe & Central Asia (Developing) 0.055 (0.009) 0.945 (0.009) 19 43
  Other 0.272 (0.034) 0.728 (0.034) 21 29
    East Asia & Pacific 0.467 (0.002) 0.533 (0.002) 3 3
    Middle East & North Africa 0.493 (0.014) 0.507 (0.014) 2 3
    North America 0.116 (0.015) 0.884 (0.015) 1 3
    South Asia 0.455 (0.020) 0.545 (0.020) 2 3
    Sub-Saharan Africa 0.521 (0.077) 0.479 (0.077) 13 17
B. Dividing self-employed into non -professional own account and employers/professional own-account Non-Professional Own-account Share (Standard Error) Employers & Professionals Share (Standard Error) Number of Countries Number of Surveys
 Total sample 0.225 (0.104) 0.033 (0.010) 42 152
 Region
  Latin America & Caribbean 0.235 (0.007) 0.056 (0.002) 7 52
  Europe & Central Asia (High-Income) 0.051 (0.025) 0.021 (0.010) 12 56
  Europe & Central Asia (Developing) 0.053 (0.011) 0.056 (0.010) 12 31
  Other 0.240 (0.134) 0.028 (0.013) 11 14
    East Asia & Pacific 0.460 (0.000) 0.007 (0.000) 2 2
    Middle East & North Africa 0.469 (0.002) 0.025 (0.000) 2 2
    North America 0.072 (0.000) 0.044 (0.000) 1 3
    South Asia 0.437 (0.000) 0.020 (0.000) 1 2
    Sub-Saharan Africa 0.323 (0.183) 0.021 (0.002) 5 5
C. Dividing employees into informal and formal Informal Employees (Standard Error) Formal Employees (Standard Error) Number of Countries Number of Surveys
 Total sample 0.244 (0.029) 0.447 (0.034) 34 190
 Region
  Latin America & Caribbean 0.229 (0.010) 0.445 (0.027) 18 172
  Europe & Central Asia (High-Income) na   na   0 0
  Europe & Central Asia (Developing) 0.454 (0.301) 0.526 (0.299) 9 11
  Other 0.177 (0.041) 0.338 (0.144) 7 7
    East Asia & Pacific na   na   0 0
    Middle East & North Africa 0.630 - 0.069 - 1 1
    North America na   na   0 0
    South Asia na   na   0 0
    Sub-Saharan Africa 0.176 (0.041) 0.338 (0.144) 6 6