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Table 9 Decomposition of changes in inequality measures from 2004/05 to 2011/12

From: Decomposition analysis of earnings inequality in rural India: 2004–2012

Using state poverty lines as deflators
  90-10 50-10 90-50 Gini
Value in 2004/05 1.797*** 0.864*** 0.933*** 0.451***
(0.015) (0.010) (0.012) (0.002)
Value in 2011/12 1.515*** 0.780*** 0.735*** 0.387***
(0.015) (0.012) (0.011) (0.003)
Total change −0.282*** −0.084*** −0.198*** −0.065***
(0.021) (0.015) (0.016) (0.004)
Aggregate decomposition of total change
 Structure effect −0.306*** −0.082*** −0.223*** −0.073***
(0.021) (0.018) (0.015) (0.004)
 Composition effect 0.024* −0.001 0.025** 0.009***
(0.014) (0.009) (0.012) (0.003)
Detailed decomposition of the composition effect
 Education 0.036*** 0.003 0.033*** 0.012***
(0.007) (0.004) (0.006) (0.001)
 Industry −0.018** 0.002 −0.020*** −0.008***
(0.007) (0.004) (0.007) (0.001)
 Experience 0.014*** −0.001 0.016*** 0.005***
(0.003) (0.003) (0.003) (0.001)
 Male −0.021*** −0.016*** −0.006*** −0.004***
(0.004) (0.003) (0.001) (0.001)
 Occupation 0.009*** 0.001 0.009*** 0.003***
(0.003) (0.001) (0.003) (0.001)
 States 0.002 0.009*** −0.006 0.002
(0.015) (0.003) (0.014) (0.001)
 Married 0.002** 0.002** 0.001 0.001***
(0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.000)
 Caste −0.003* −0.001 −0.001 −0.001***
(0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.000)
 Muslim 0.002 0.001 0.001 0.000
(0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.000)
Detailed decomposition of the structure effect
 Education −0.166*** −0.023 −0.143*** −0.016***
(0.033) (0.030) (0.046) (0.004)
 Industry −0.045* −0.050*** 0.005 0.008*
(0.027) (0.016) (0.023) (0.004)
 Experience −0.411* −0.175 −0.236 0.021
(0.213) (0.169) (0.148) (0.034)
 Male −0.047 −0.115*** 0.068*** −0.001
(0.044) (0.042) (0.026) (0.006)
 Occupation −0.144*** −0.003 −0.141*** −0.012***
(0.028) (0.023) (0.026) (0.004)
 States −0.164** −0.146** −0.018 0.013
(0.070) (0.059) (0.047) (0.014)
 Married −0.121*** 0.037 −0.158*** −0.007
(0.043) (0.032) (0.031) (0.006)
 Caste 0.063 0.014 0.049 0.002
(0.053) (0.032) (0.044) (0.011)
 Muslim 0.013 0.004 0.009 0.000
(0.009) (0.005) (0.011) (0.002)
 Constant 0.716*** 0.374* 0.342** −0.082**
(0.247) (0.197) (0.175) (0.037)
  1. Bootstrap standard errors shown in parentheses. Significant at *10 %, **5 %, and ***1 %