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Table 7 Decomposition of changes in inequality measures from 2004/05 to 2011/12

From: Decomposition analysis of earnings inequality in rural India: 2004–2012

All categorical variables converted to dummy variables, excluded states as controls
  90-10 50-10 90-50 Gini
Value in 2004/05 1.857*** 0.880*** 0.977*** 0.461***
(0.021) (0.019) (0.011) (0.002)
Value in 2011/12 1.576*** 0.791*** 0.784*** 0.396***
(0.017) (0.010) (0.015) (0.003)
Total change −0.282*** −0.089*** −0.192*** −0.066***
(0.027) (0.022) (0.019) (0.004)
Aggregate decomposition of total change
 Structure effect −0.382*** −0.092*** −0.290*** −0.082***
(0.028) (0.024) (0.019) (0.005)
 Composition effect 0.101*** 0.003 0.098*** 0.017***
(0.015) (0.007) (0.013) (0.002)
Detailed decomposition of the composition effect
 Education 0.046*** 0.000 0.047*** 0.010***
(0.006) (0.003) (0.005) (0.001)
 Industry 0.026*** 0.009** 0.017*** 0.001
(0.006) (0.004) (0.005) (0.001)
 Experience 0.039*** 0.001 0.038*** 0.009***
(0.005) (0.003) (0.004) (0.001)
 Male −0.023*** −0.011*** −0.011*** −0.006***
(0.004) (0.003) (0.002) (0.001)
 Occupation 0.015*** 0.002** 0.012*** 0.003***
(0.005) (0.001) (0.004) (0.001)
 Married 0.001 0.001 0.000 0.001***
(0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.000)
 Caste −0.002* 0.000 −0.002* −0.001*
(0.001) (0.000) (0.001) (0.000)
 Muslim −0.001 0.001 −0.002* −0.001***
(0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.000)
Detailed decomposition of the structure effect
 Education −0.133*** −0.040** −0.093*** −0.016***
(0.030) (0.017) (0.026) (0.003)
 Industry −0.060** −0.057*** −0.003 −0.002
(0.024) (0.016) (0.021) (0.003)
 Experience −0.391 −0.189 −0.202 0.022
(0.242) (0.173) (0.190) (0.036)
 Male 0.066 −0.044 0.110*** 0.007
(0.054) (0.051) (0.026) (0.005)
 Occupation −0.042 0.005 −0.047* 0.001
(0.028) (0.011) (0.026) (0.004)
 Married −0.160*** 0.005 −0.165*** −0.023***
(0.045) (0.032) (0.035) (0.006)
 Caste 0.127** 0.013 0.114** 0.006
(0.063) (0.028) (0.056) (0.012)
 Muslim 0.016** 0.003 0.012** 0.002*
(0.007) (0.004) (0.006) (0.001)
 Constant 0.196 0.211 −0.015 −0.079**
(0.287) (0.203) (0.223) (0.038)
  1. Bootstrap standard errors shown in parentheses. Significant at *10 %, **5 %, and ***1 %