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Table 6 Decomposition of changes in inequality measures from 2004/05 to 2011/12

From: Decomposition analysis of earnings inequality in rural India: 2004–2012

With college and beyond as omitted (all else the same)
  90-10 50-10 90-50 Gini
Value in 2004/05 1.857*** 0.880*** 0.977*** 0.461***
(0.021) (0.019) (0.011) (0.002)
Value in 2011/12 1.576*** 0.791*** 0.784*** 0.396***
(0.017) (0.011) (0.015) (0.003)
Total change −0.282*** −0.089*** −0.192*** −0.066***
(0.026) (0.021) (0.018) (0.004)
Aggregate decomposition of total change
 Structure effect −0.322*** −0.094*** −0.228*** −0.072***
(0.027) (0.024) (0.018) (0.003)
 Composition effect 0.041** 0.005 0.036*** 0.007***
(0.016) (0.009) (0.014) (0.003)
Detailed decomposition of the composition effect
 Education 0.041*** 0.002 0.039*** 0.011***
(0.008) (0.004) (0.007) (0.001)
 Industry −0.018** 0.002 −0.020*** −0.009***
(0.008) (0.005) (0.008) (0.001)
 Experience 0.017*** 0.000 0.017*** 0.005***
(0.004) (0.003) (0.003) (0.001)
 Male −0.014*** −0.012*** −0.002 −0.004***
(0.003) (0.003) (0.002) (0.001)
 Occupation 0.012*** 0.002** 0.010*** 0.003***
(0.004) (0.001) (0.004) (0.001)
 States 0.001 0.009*** −0.009 0.002**
(0.015) (0.002) (0.014) (0.001)
 Married 0.002* 0.001 0.001 0.001***
(0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.000)
 Caste −0.002 −0.001 −0.001 −0.001***
(0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.000)
 Muslim 0.002 0.001 0.001 0.000
(0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.000)
Detailed decomposition of the structure effect
 Education 0.497*** 0.086 0.411** 0.098***
(0.192) (0.055) (0.185) (0.035)
 Industry −0.006 −0.061*** 0.055** 0.009*
(0.028) (0.017) (0.024) (0.005)
 Experience −0.313 −0.185 −0.128 0.025
(0.223) (0.173) (0.156) (0.033)
 Male 0.084 −0.051 0.135*** 0.005
(0.053) (0.050) (0.028) (0.006)
 Occupation −0.088*** 0.008 −0.096*** −0.012***
(0.028) (0.023) (0.026) (0.004)
 States −0.01 0.085 −0.094** 0.014
(0.069) (0.052) (0.048) (0.013)
 Married −0.103** 0.013 −0.116*** −0.009
(0.043) (0.032) (0.032) (0.006)
 Caste 0.064 0.012 0.052 0.005
(0.056) (0.030) (0.047) (0.011)
 Muslim 0.013 0.004 0.010 0.000
(0.01) (0.005) (0.011) (0.001)
 Constant −0.461 −0.004 −0.456* −0.208***
(0.307) (0.206) (0.235) (0.052)
  1. Bootstrap standard errors shown in parentheses. Significant at *10 %, **5 %, and ***1 %