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Table 3 Descriptive statistics, wage earners in rural India

From: Decomposition analysis of earnings inequality in rural India: 2004–2012

  2004/05 2011/12
Number of observations 44,634 36,050
Mean log real weekly earnings (Std. dev.) 5.61 (0.78) 6.13 (0.69)
Mean age (Std. dev.) 34.1 (11.72) 35.8 (11.70)
Male (%) 69.9 75.0
Married (%) 74.2 76.1
Muslim (%) 8.4 10.4
Caste categories (%)
 ST 13.0 12.0
 SC 30.8 28.9
 OBC 37.9 41.5
 Others 18.3 17.7
Education categories (%)
 Illiterate 47.0 35.6
 Primary and middle 39.4 43.9
 Secondary 6.1 9.4
 Higher secondary 2.9 4.7
 College and beyond 4.6 6.4
Industries (%)
 Agriculture 60.0 47.6
 Manufacturing 10.1 10.2
 Construction 12.3 24.1
 Utilities 4.7 4.5
 Wholesale and retail trade 2.7 2.6
 Public administration 2.4 1.8
 Other services 7.9 9.2
Occupation (%)
 Administrators and managers 5.6 6.0
 Clerks 1.9 1.9
 Sales and service workers 4.0 4.3
 Skilled agriculture 2.6 2.2
 Craftsmen and machine operators 18.9 20.0
 Laborers and unskilled workers 67.2 65.7