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Table 2 Type-wise characteristics of firms (mean values), 2000–2001 to 2010–2011

From: Moving out of the bottom of the economy? Constraints to firm transition in the Indian informal manufacturing sector

Variable PHE MHE NHE
Number of firms (%) 42,144,550 (85.8) 5,097,809 (10.4) 1,880,768 (3.8)
Finance
 CAPSHOR 0.323683 0.343872 0.293587
Firm capabilities    
 LINKAGE 0.287184 0.195093 0.255651
 ASSISTANCE 0.004187 0.004479 0.009014
 ACMAINT 0.017898 0.108886 0.300479
 REGIS 0.055622 0.396536 0.552625
Locational variables
 LOCATION 0.283207 0.607179 0.605701
 URBAN 0.294591 0.407482 0.491078
 TRANSPORT 0.811359 0.865495 0.905439
 DISTANCE 259.8309 228.0022 213.8350
Infrastructure and human capital variables
 ELEC 0.163424 0.280594 0.302623
 SHSCSTPOP 0.245985 0.214567 0.201067
 PRIMEDU 0.298373 0.294592 0.300239
 MIDGRADEDU 0.236657 0.283031 0.301347
 ROADVILG 0.649164 0.741838 0.783849
Other control variables
 STATUS 0.198716 0.276805 0.323804
  1. aPHEs are pure household enterprises (PHEs) employing only family labour; mixed household enterprises (MHEs) are enterprises that employ at least one hired labour on a regular basis, but the total number of workers (including family labour) do not exceed five; and non-household enterprises (NHEs) are those employing 6–9 workers of which at least one would be a hired worker
  2. bOther variables are as defined in the notes to Table 1
  3. Source: same as in Table 1