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Table 4 Effect of mother’s work status on child’s school enrolment

From: Female labor force participation and child education in India: evidence from the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme

Variable Enrolment
OLS-FE 2SLS-FE
(1) (2)
Mother is working −0.009 0.472***
  (0.017) (0.138)
Annual household income in thousands (Rs.) 0.0002 0.003**
  (0.0001) (0.002)
Age 5 in 2007 × time 0.539*** 0.898***
  (0.116) (0.177)
Age 6 in 2007 × time 0.308*** 0.661***
  (0.119) (0.183)
Age 7 in 2007 × time 0.168 0.512***
  (0.116) (0.177)
Age 8 in 2007 × time 0.136 0.522***
  (0.117) (0.183)
Age 9 in 2007 × time 0.102 0.457***
  (0.115) (0.174)
Age 10 in 2007 × time 0.096 0.467***
  (0.114) (0.178)
Age 11 in 2007 × time 0.063 0.431**
  (0.116) (0.178)
Age 12 in 2007 × time 0.046 0.433**
  (0.113) (0.179)
Age 13 in 2007 × time −0.036 0.312*
  (0.123) (0.184)
Age 14 in 2007 × time −0.004 0.382**
  (0.118) (0.185)
Female child × time −0.010 −0.023
  (0.014) (0.018)
Household size −0.017** −0.031**
  (0.008) (0.012)
Number of males in the age group 16–60 0.0001 0.006
  (0.015) (0.019)
Average age of household members 0.004** 0.006**
  (0.002) (0.003)
Land owned (acres) by household in 2007 × time −0.001 0.000
  (0.002) (0.004)
Household’s asset (index) in 2007 × time 0.013*** 0.011
  (0.005) (0.008)
Mandal level total night lights in 2006 × time 0.00004* 0.00001
  (0.00002) (0.00003)
NREGS phase 1 district × time −0.033* 0.074*
  (0.019) (0.042)
Baseline enrolment rate in the district × time −0.230* −0.720***
  (0.126) (0.208)
Child fixed effects Yes Yes
Observations 6550 6550
Number of children 3275 3275
R-squared 0.249  
Weak identification stat (Kleibergen-Paap rk Wald F)   7.750
Stock-Yogo weak identification test critical values   6.40 (20 %)
Over-identification stat (Hansen J)   1.439
Over-identification p value   0.230
  1. Notes: Robust standard errors clustered at the child level in parentheses. Significant at *10, **5, and ***1 %