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Table 3 First stage regressions (for 2SLS-FE regression in Table 2, column (2))

From: Female labor force participation and child education in India: evidence from the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme

Variable Mother is working Annual household income in thousands (Rs.)
(1) (2)
Lagged rainfall shock −0.207*** 7.607**
  (0.021) (3.069)
Lagged amount of sanctioned NREGS funds in crores (Rs.) 0.001 0.470*
  (0.001) (0.240)
Lagged rainfall shock × lagged amount of sanctioned NREGS funds in crores (Rs.) 0.005*** −0.593***
  (0.001) (0.095)
Age 5 in 2007 × time −2.032*** 29.050
  (0.171) (26.647)
Age 6 in 2007 × time −2.026*** 29.953
  (0.173) (28.678)
Age 7 in 2007 × time −2.011*** 30.703
  (0.172) (26.904)
Age 8 in 2007 × time −2.034*** 22.197
  (0.172) (26.122)
Age 9 in 2007 × time −2.020*** 27.439
  (0.171) (26.265)
Age 10 in 2007 × time −2.045*** 27.600
  (0.171) (26.407)
Age 11 in 2007 × time −2.007*** 23.858
  (0.172) (26.676)
Age 12 in 2007 × time −2.071*** 25.730
  (0.170) (26.437)
Age 13 in 2007 × time −2.051*** 35.460
  (0.176) (28.385)
Age 14 in 2007 × time −2.065*** 25.810
  (0.171) (27.004)
Female child × time 0.011 1.936
  (0.015) (1.822)
Household size −0.005 4.903***
  (0.007) (1.499)
Number of males in the age group 16–60 −0.018 1.104
  (0.014) (2.697)
Average age of household members −0.001 −0.327
  (0.002) (0.305)
Land owned (acres) by household in 2007 × time −0.007** 0.445
  (0.003) (0.554)
Household’s asset (index) in 2007 × time −0.016*** 3.713***
  (0.006) (1.047)
Mandal level total night lights in 2006 × time 0.000*** 0.001
  (0.000) (0.003)
NREGS phase 1 district × time −0.223*** 9.933***
  (0.028) (3.695)
Baseline enrolment rate in the district × time 1.945*** −6.986
  (0.164) (25.301)
Child fixed effects Yes Yes
Observations 6550 6550
Number of children 3275 3275
R-squared 0.297 0.128
Angrist-Pischke multivariate F stat of excluded instruments 33.75 14.27
  1. Notes: Robust standard errors clustered at the child level in parentheses. Significant at *10, **5, and ***1 %