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Table 2 Effect of mother’s work status on child’s time spent in school

From: Female labor force participation and child education in India: evidence from the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme

Variable Time spent in school
OLS-FE 2SLS-FE
(1) (2)
Mother is working 0.293*** 6.506***
  (0.101) (1.102)
Annual household income in thousands (Rs.) 0.001 0.013
  (0.001) (0.013)
Age 5 in 2007 × time 8.768*** 14.127***
  (0.695) (1.275)
Age 6 in 2007 × time 8.674*** 13.948***
  (0.702) (1.280)
Age 7 in 2007 × time 8.114*** 13.310***
  (0.699) (1.264)
Age 8 in 2007 × time 8.030*** 13.542***
  (0.719) (1.336)
Age 9 in 2007 × time 7.700*** 12.987***
  (0.708) (1.265)
Age 10 in 2007 × time 7.743*** 13.218***
  (0.696) (1.297)
Age 11 in 2007 × time 7.233*** 12.542***
  (0.714) (1.301)
Age 12 in 2007 × time 7.220*** 12.827***
  (0.683) (1.303)
Age 13 in 2007 × time 6.363*** 11.784***
  (0.762) (1.344)
Age 14 in 2007 × time 6.458*** 12.054***
  (0.728) (1.347)
Female child × time −0.207** −0.306**
  (0.088) (0.135)
Household size −0.023 −0.050
  (0.042) (0.083)
Number of males in the age group 16–60 0.006 0.114
  (0.097) (0.127)
Average age of household members 0.017 0.029
  (0.012) (0.019)
Land owned (acres) by household in 2007 × time 0.015 0.043*
  (0.013) (0.022)
Household’s asset (index) in 2007 × time 0.060** 0.149**
  (0.028) (0.065)
Mandal level total night lights in 2006 × time 0.0001 −0.0005*
  (0.0002) (0.0002)
NREGS phase 1 district × time −0.936*** 0.803**
  (0.126) (0.336)
Baseline enrolment rate in the district × time −7.822*** −14.074***
  (0.766) (1.532)
Child fixed effects Yes Yes
Observations 6550 6550
Number of children 3275 3275
R-squared 0.256  
Weak identification stat (Kleibergen-Paap rk Wald F)   7.750
Stock-Yogo weak identification test critical values   6.40 (20 %)
Over-identification stat (Hansen J)   1.701
Over-identification p value   0.192
  1. Notes: Robust standard errors clustered at the child level in parentheses. Significant at *10, **5, and ***1 %