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Table 11 Effect of mother’s NREGS income as a share of total household income, and mother’s number of days worked, on child’s time spent in school and enrolment

From: Female labor force participation and child education in India: evidence from the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme

Variable Time spent in school Enrolment Time spent in school Enrolment
(1) (2) (3) (4)
Share of mother’s NREGS income in total income of household 24.501*** 2.244***   
  (6.160) (0.684)   
Number of days mother worked    0.044*** 0.003**
    (0.011) (0.001)
Other control variables Yes Yes Yes Yes
Child fixed effects Yes Yes Yes Yes
Observations 6374 6374 6546 6546
Number of children 3187 3187 3273 3273
Weak identification stat (Kleibergen-Paap rk Wald F) 9.973 9.973 4.131 4.131
Stock-Yogo weak identification test critical values 8.18 (15 %) 8.18 (15 %) 5.45 (25 %) 5.45 (25 %)
Over-identification stat (Hansen J) 3.166 0.00005 0.572 5.001
Over-identification p value 0.0752 0.994 0.449 0.0253
  1. Notes: Robust standard errors clustered at the child level in parentheses. Significant at *10, **5, and ***1 %. Additional control variables included are as follows: household income, time interacted with age dummies, time interacted with gender, household size, number of males in the age group 16–60, average age of household members, land owned by household in 2007 interacted with time, household’s asset (index) in 2007 interacted with time, time trends depending on whether the district is a NREGS phase 1 district, mandal level total night lights in 2006, and baseline enrolment rate in the district. The same set of instruments (lagged rainfall shock, lagged amount fund sanctioned in NREGS, and their interaction) is used for annual household income and mother’s working status