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Table 1 Summary statistics

From: Female labor force participation and child education in India: evidence from the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme

  2007 2009–2010
Variable Obs. Mean Std. dev. Obs. Mean Std. dev.
Child characteristics
 Sex (female = 1, male = 0) 3275 0.51 0.50 3275 0.51 0.50
 Age (years) 3275 8.35 3.01 3275 11.35 3.01
 Enrolment 3275 0.79 0.41 3275 0.87 0.34
 Time spent in school 3275 5.78 2.20 3275 6.93 2.64
 Highest grade completed 2109 3.90 2.32 2109 6.27 2.57
 Grade progression 2109 0.76 0.33 2109 0.78 0.22
Mother’s characteristics
 Mother’s age (years) 3275 30.56 5.64 3275 33.52 5.59
 Mother’s education (highest grade completed) 3270 1.86 3.28 3270 1.86 3.28
 Whether mother is working 3275 0.69 0.46 3275 0.88 0.32
 Whether mother has worked in NREGS 3272 0.28 0.45 3228 0.62 0.49
Father’s characteristics
 Father’s age (years) 3127 36.34 6.36 3101 39.26 6.29
 Father’s education (highest grade completed) 3126 3.91 4.51 3126 3.91 4.51
 Whether father is working 3121 0.99 0.10 3095 0.98 0.14
 Whether father has worked in NREGS 3121 0.25 0.43 3073 0.48 0.50
Household characteristics
 Annual non-agricultural income (Rs.) 3275 28349 30452 3275 41404 46015
 Annual agricultural income (Rs.) 3275 4100 21489 3275 8258 38656
 Total income (Rs.) 3275 32449 36312 3275 49662 58843
 Household size 3275 5.70 2.10 3275 5.71 2.19
 Number of males in the age group 16–60 3275 1.31 0.81 3275 1.40 0.85
 Average age of household members 3275 22.14 5.72 3275 24.56 5.62
 Land owned by household (acres) 3275 2.11 3.21 3275 3.38 38.59
 Asset index 3275 −0.60 1.49 3275 0.55 1.81
Region characteristics
 Mandal level total night lights in 2006 3275 860.49 335.78 3275 860.49 335.78
 Baseline enrolment rate in the district (2004–2005) 3275 0.92 0.07 3275 0.92 0.07
Instruments
 Lagged rainfall shock 3275 1.71 0.78 3275 −0.02 0.65
 Lagged amount of sanctioned NREGS funds in crores (Rs.) 3275 8.53 7.80 3275 10.59 5.56
  1. Source: Young Lives data for all variables except Mandal level total night lights in 2006 (NOAA website), Baseline enrolment rate in the district (National Sample Survey 2004–2005), Lagged rainfall shock (Center for Climatic Research, University of Delaware), and Lagged amount of sanctioned NREGS funds (Department of Rural Development, Government of Andhra Pradesh)
  2. Note: 1 crore = 10 million