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Table 9 Extended labor demand model by region and industry group: IV-panel fixed effects

From: Job creation and trade in manufactures: industry-level analysis across countries

  Developing countries OECD countries
Low-tech Med/high-tech Low-tech Med-tech High-tech
Ln (V) 0.4288*** 0.2261*** 0.7620*** 0.6067*** 0.5924***
(0.0214) (0.0247) (0.0208) (0.0237) (0.0426)
M/(M + Y) −0.2558*** −0.4861*** −0.3644*** −0.4502*** 0.2714***
(0.0811) (0.0859) (0.0877) (0.1002) (0.0898)
X/Y 0.0347*** 0.0172** 0.1199*** 0.1186*** −0.0025
(0.0132) (0.0069) (0.0102) (0.0225) (0.0044)
Ln (w) −0.4815*** −0.3286*** −0.7149*** −0.6477*** −0.6969***
(0.0181) (0.0178) (0.0200) (0.0214) (0.0322)
Ln (w)*s 0.1161*** 0.0231*** 0.1374*** 0.0945*** 0.0772***
(0.0066) (0.0031) (0.0061) (0.0053) (0.0074)
Ln (HS) 0.1911*** 0.3515*** 0.0403 −0.1885 0.6140a
(0.0720) (0.0864) (0.1689) (0.1675) (0.3980)
Ln (CX) 0.2196* −0.1575 −0.0085 0.0970 −0.1306
(0.1235) (0.1465) (0.1118) (0.0679) (0.1206)
I/Y 0.0433* 0.0297 −0.0684 −0.1055 0.2332**
(0.0249) (0.0317) (0.1273) (0.0831) (0.0995)
Constant 2.1329*** 5.4557*** −0.1446 3.7549*** −0.5908
(0.8238) (0.9565) (1.3057) (1.2790) (3.0254)
Observations 2430 2081 2811 2234 994
Number of industries 287 250 314 254 114
  1. Note: See notes under Table 4. HS is the number of six-digit export items in a four-digit industry, CX is the number of competing countries, and I/Y is the investment rate. Superscripts a represents statistical significant at 13 %