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Table 2 Comparison of the pre-reform characteristics across the two groups of regions

From: The effect of doubling the minimum wage on employment: evidence from Russia

Variable Regions with federal minimum wage, N = 68 Regions with own minimum wage, N = 17 Difference p value
Fraction affected 7.03 12.63 −5.60 0.00
Kaitz index 13.28 11.96 1.33 0.18
EMPLOY 60.46 63.56 −3.11 0.10
FORMAL 49.77 53.36 −3.58 0.15
INFORM 10.67 10.21 0.47 0.66
UNEMPL 8.48 5.46 3.02 0.07
YOUT_E 32.16 33.33 −1.17 0.55
YOUT_U 16.97 12.63 4.34 0.08
FEM_E 56.86 59.78 −2.92 0.13
FEM_U 8.11 4.95 3.16 0.08
LOW_E 41.97 44.37 −2.41 0.14
LOW_U 12.56 8.65 3.91 0.07
Ind. production index 108.12 108.34 −0.22 0.96
Share of rural population 34.46 24.10 10.36 0.01
Share of workers in small firms 6.66 9.95 3.29 0.00
Share of part-time workers 6.09 4.91 1.18 0.33
Population, thousands 1522.74 2340.71 −817.97 0.06
  1. Notes: Fraction affected is based on regional minimum wages and wage data from April 2007. Labor market outcomes (variables EMPLOY-LOW_U) as well as Kaitz index are measured in November 2006. Ind. production index is the index of industrial production between the third quarter of 2005 and the third quarter of 2006. The other variables are measured as of 2006