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Table 14 Demographic summary by income level

From: Minimum wage effects on employment and working time of Chinese workers——evidence based on CHNS

  Observation <90% 90–110% 110–130% 130–150% 150–170% 170–190% 190% above
Whole sample 15159 13.02% 8.49% 8.78% 10.28% 6.65% 10.43% 42.35%
Waves
 2004 3336 13.77% 7.93% 7.73% 9.33% 7.10% 9.52% 44.61%
 2006 3484 14.68% 9.36% 9.67% 10.34% 7.43% 11.95% 36.57%
 2009 4172 11.35% 7.75% 10.39% 10.54% 6.29% 8.78% 44.90%
 2011 4167 12.67% 8.93% 7.24% 10.70% 5.97% 11.51% 42.97%
Gender
 Male 9598 8.91% 6.26% 7.70% 9.83% 6.61% 11.52% 49.17%
 Female 5559 19.28% 11.88% 10.42% 10.95% 6.68% 8.78% 31.99%
Hukou
 Urban 9856 9.77% 7.27% 7.69% 8.74% 6.05% 10.10% 50.39%
 Rural 5294 18.36% 10.52% 10.57% 12.83% 7.65% 10.97% 29.10%
Age cohort
 16–29 2526 9.18% 8.18% 11.49% 13.48% 10.36% 13.73% 33.58%
 30–39 3990 10.80% 8.75% 7.66% 11.97% 6.89% 12.25% 41.68%
 40–49 5240 12.67% 8.34% 9.04% 8.77% 5.69% 9.29% 46.20%
 50–59 2932 15.30% 8.17% 7.57% 8.22% 5.26% 7.95% 47.53%
 60–65 313 34.20% 13.85% 8.66% 7.79% 3.46% 5.63% 26.41%
Education attainment
 Illiteracy 179 40.28% 16.67% 8.33% 10.42% 4.17% 4.17% 15.97%
 Primary 1609 27.02% 12.02% 12.45% 11.34% 6.05% 8.95% 22.17%
 Junior high school 4886 16.09% 10.39% 11.06% 12.72% 7.48% 11.34% 30.92%
 Senior high school 2997 11.45% 9.65% 9.28% 10.71% 7.26% 11.24% 40.40%
 Vocational college 2605 6.30% 4.96% 5.57% 8.45% 7.18% 11.13% 56.41%
 University or above 2858 1.69% 3.06% 3.71% 5.60% 4.29% 8.39% 73.26%
Region
 Eastern Shandong 1723 14.50% 10.98% 8.17% 14.94% 7.91% 11.42% 32.07%
Liaoning 1855 12.06% 7.60% 6.08% 8.49% 8.13% 8.94% 48.70%
Jiangsu 2480 21.54% 9.32% 11.28% 10.68% 3.68% 14.48% 29.02%
 Central Hunan 1556 6.17% 5.39% 7.86% 5.95% 8.75% 10.44% 55.44%
Hubei 1496 11.33% 9.06% 8.20% 10.03% 7.44% 8.74% 45.20%
Henan 1403 12.70% 8.58% 9.61% 8.58% 9.73% 9.38% 41.42%
Heilongjiang 1797 5.78% 3.78% 5.18% 6.27% 3.49% 9.96% 65.54%
 Western Guizhou 1318 7.37% 7.62% 7.75% 9.78% 6.10% 8.39% 52.99%
Guangxi 1531 17.36% 12.47% 13.02% 15.79% 6.83% 8.86% 25.67%
Employment type
 Regular 8001 7.14% 5.44% 6.13% 8.63% 6.73% 10.32% 55.61%
 Contract 2422 12.77% 9.04% 11.69% 13.40% 6.89% 13.97% 32.24%
 Temporary 2191 24.53% 16.70% 12.99% 12.75% 6.62% 8.26% 18.15%
Enterprise
 Government 1027 14.09% 4.92% 6.28% 0.34% 6.79% 7.47% 60.10%
 Shiye unit 3600 5.07% 3.21% 3.78% 1.60% 4.76% 7.82% 73.76%
 SOE 1867 8.78% 7.54% 9.66% 8.51% 7.27% 12.06% 46.19%
 Collective firms 1323 17.63% 13.14% 10.62% 13.69% 7.67% 13.36% 23.88%
 Private firms 5517 14.71% 10.19% 11.36% 13.41% 7.08% 10.95% 32.29%
 Foreign enterprises 408 5.95% 7.54% 11.51% 13.10% 8.33% 20.63% 32.94%
  1. <90%, 90–110%, 110–130%, 130–150%, 150–170%, 170–190% and 190% above denote the ratios of minimum wage to monthly wage