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Table 3 Minimum wage violation indices, average for 2005–2011

From: Minimum wage violations in Honduras

  Urban Rural
Industry V 0 V 1 V 2 V 1/V 0 V 0 V 1 V 2 V 1/V 0
Panel A: Covered sector (Wage Earners)         
Agriculture, fishing, and hunting 0.638 0.279 0.161 0.437 0.773 0.365 0.219 0.472
Mining 0.409 0.192 0.119 0.469 0.558 0.204 0.108 0.366
Manufacturing 0.450 0.144 0.069 0.320 0.479 0.166 0.085 0.346
Utilities 0.456 0.132 0.055 0.289 0.587 0.219 0.109 0.374
Construction 0.538 0.212 0.119 0.394 0.605 0.254 0.147 0.419
Retail, hotels, and restaurants 0.463 0.147 0.071 0.319 0.549 0.212 0.113 0.385
Transport, storage, and communications 0.358 0.113 0.055 0.314 0.457 0.181 0.098 0.395
Banking, financial, and real estate services 0.353 0.088 0.034 0.249 0.478 0.135 0.059 0.283
Communal, social, and personal services 0.286 0.098 0.050 0.344 0.487 0.210 0.122 0.432
Export sector (Maquila) 0.361 0.080 0.030 0.221 0.438 0.091 0.034 0.209
Average 0.428 0.139 0.068 0.324 0.650 0.280 0.162 0.431
Panel B: Uncovered sector (Self-Employed)         
Agriculture, fishing, and hunting 0.779 0.567 0.467 0.729 0.851 0.627 0.518 0.738
Mining 0.500 0.196 0.106 0.391 0.810 0.409 0.276 0.506
Manufacturing 0.618 0.330 0.222 0.534 0.669 0.377 0.261 0.564
Utilities 0.634 0.410 0.291 0.647 - - - -
Construction 0.346 0.124 0.067 0.360 0.388 0.163 0.101 0.421
Retail, hotels, and restaurants 0.507 0.251 0.161 0.494 0.631 0.354 0.245 0.561
Transport, storage, and communications 0.402 0.148 0.077 0.369 0.432 0.187 0.108 0.434
Banking, financial, and real estate services 0.236 0.102 0.061 0.431 0.391 0.206 0.135 0.527
Communal, social, and personal services 0.564 0.291 0.188 0.515 0.657 0.351 0.232 0.535
Export sector (Maquila) 0.518 0.250 0.155 0.482 0.761 0.440 0.300 0.578
Average 0.518 0.261 0.171 0.505 0.720 0.462 0.352 0.641
  1. Source: Own calculations from pooled EPHPM surveys for 2005–2011
  2. Notes: All statistics are weighted using survey provided expansion factors. Following Honduran minimum wage decrees, covered employees are defined as private-sector wage earners and uncovered workers are the self-employed. Estimates are available for industries that have at least 10 observations for each worker type