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Table 4 Decomposition results of the gender wage gaps

From: Impact of minimum wage on gender wage gaps in urban China

  Decomposition (1)-The MW model Decomposition (2)-Kaitz Index model
  Endowment differences Return gaps Endowment differences Return gaps
Female loss (a) Male gain (b) Total (a + b) Female loss (a) Male gain (b) Total (a + b)
1995
100% Decomposition results of each factor 43.0% 29.9% 27.1% 57.0% 43.7% 29.5% 26.8% 56.3%
 The MW 0.7% −5.4% −7.1% −12.5%     
 Kaitz Index      −1.3% 45.9% 40.7% 86.6%
 Education 13.1% −3.0% −0.1% −3.1% 14.7% −0.6% 1.3% 0.7%
 Experience years 8.5% −125.2% −79.5% −204.7% 9.0% −131.0% −86.6% −217.6%
 Race 0.0% −16.9% −12.4% −29.3% 0.0% −17.3% −13.3% −30.6%
 Married −0.4% 39.3% 43.1% 82.4% −0.3% 44.0% 47.1% 91.1%
 Ownership 9.2% −2.0% 1.9% −0.1% 10.2% −2.1% 1.8% −0.3%
 Occupation 9.3% 11.0% 6.9% 17.9% 9.0% 7.2% 4.3% 11.5%
 Industry 2.6% −3.8% 1.0% −2.8% 2.4% −5.1% 0.0% −5.1%
 Constant term 0.0% 135.8% 73.3% 209.1% 0.0% 88.5% 31.5% 120.0%
2002
100% Decomposition results of each factor 48.8% 28.6% 22.6% 51.2% 52.9% 26.2% 20.9% 47.1%
 The MW −3.0% 2.4% 6.3% 8.7%     
 Kaitz Index      −1.8% 18.3% 5.7% 24.0%
 Education 6.3% 2.1% −1.2% 0.9% 7.0% 2.4% −0.2% 2.2%
 Experience years 15.6% −13.9% −4.8% −18.7% 20.8% −20.0% −14.0% −34.0%
 Race 0.0% 23.2% 20.8% 44.0% 0.0% 25.9% 21.3% 47.2%
 Married 1.3% 20.4% 27.6% 48.0% 0.5% 19.0% 27.6% 46.6%
 Ownership 6.6% −1.3% −0.4% −1.7% 6.2% −1.7% −0.6% −2.3%
 Occupation 17.9% 6.8% −1.8% 5.0% 14.4% 6.9% 0.2% 7.1%
 Industry 4.1% 6.9% 1.1% 8.0% 5.8% 5.0% −0.6% 4.4%
 Constant term 0.0% −18.1% −25.0% −43.1% 0.0% −29.6% −18.5% −48.1%
2007
100% Decomposition results of each factor 36.5% 35.2% 28.3% 63.5% 39.5% 33.4% 27.1% 60.5%
 The MW 1.2% 1.7% 6.4% 8.1%     
 Kaitz Index      −0.5% −12.5% −4.3% −16.8%
 Education 3.3% 2.7% −6.0% −3.3% 3.6% 2.7% −5.0% −2.3%
 Experience years 4.1% −21.1% −0.9% −22.0% 7.4% −13.8% 7.9% −5.9%
 Race 0.2% −2.4% −4.7% −7.1% 0.1% −4.3% −6.0% −10.3%
 Married 0.8% 23.0% 24.7% 47.7% 0.5% 18.1% 19.4% 37.5%
 Ownership 14.3% −6.7% 0.4% −6.3% 14.1% −7.5% −0.5% −8.0%
 Occupation 4.4% 4.0% −3.5% 0.5% 4.8% 5.3% −1.9% 3.4%
 Industry 8.2% −2.2% 1.5% −0.7% 9.5% −5.1% −1.3% −6.4%
 Constant term 0.0% 36.2% 10.5% 46.7% 0.0% 50.5% 18.7% 69.2%
  1. Source: Calculated using CHIP1995, CHIP2002, CHIP2007