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Table 3 Percent of workers who do not receive legally-mandated overtime pay

From: Compliance with legal minimum wages and overtime pay regulations in China

  Percent of overtime workers
  Percent of all workers who worked overtime hours Not paid for overtime work Whose hourly overtime pay is smaller than 1.5 times regular wage Whose hourly overtime pay is smaller than 1.5 times hourly minimum wage
All 41.3 28.6 69.5 41.2
Gender
 Male 41.4 29.2 71.7 41.5
 Female 41.1 27.3 66.2 40.9
Educational attainment
 College or above 26.6 36.5 81.2 46.2
 Junior college 34.1 36.4 77.4 46.6
 High school 42.3 27.7 68.6 40.2
 Junior high school or below 48.9 24.9 65.6 39.7
Age cohort
 age 16–20 58 16.9 60.7 35.0
 age 21–25 43.7 23.8 68.2 38.9
 age 26–30 40.9 26.7 69.2 39.6
 age 31+ 39.4 32.0 71.1 43.1
Experience cohort
 Experience 1–3 49.8 25.3 68.7 42.0
 Experience 4–6 41.3 23.5 67.1 36.6
 Experience 7–9 41.7 28.3 69.1 40.0
 Experience 10+ 36.4 32.7 71.2 42.6
Position in firm
 Office work 32.4 35.5 75.6 50.0
 Manual worker with junior skill certificate 42.0 29.8 69.5 42.1
 Manual worker with no skill certificate 47.0 23.2 65.5 36.8
 Others 37.1 33.7 73.9 45.0
Firm ownership
 State funded firm 31.7 25.2 71.6 40.1
 Non-state domestic funded firm 37.1 38.3 72.5 49.3
 Hong-Kong, Taiwan or Macao funded firm 64.4 15.8 62.6 36.0
 Foreign funded firm 53.6 12.9 65.1 24.1
Firm size
 Large 39.6 24.7 65.7 37.4
 Medium 42.3 26.7 66.9 38.1
 Small 41.5 35.4 77.6 50.8
Ascending sort by firm revenue per worker
 The first quintile 41.4 33.6 69.6 44.9
 The second quintile 42.4 39.4 73.6 49.5
 The third quintile 50.6 26.1 70.4 45.3
 The fourth quintile 32.8 22.0 70.1 33.8
 The fifth quintile 38.5 24.7 63.6 31.4
Industry sectors
 Apparel and textile products manufacturing 50.4 23.8 64.9 33.9
 Communications equipment and computer manufacturing other electronic equipment 62.8 13.7 65.0 30.9
 Other manufacturing 45.2 33.2 70.4 48.0
Electricity, gas and water production 30.6 29.4 71.6 40.2
 Construction 27.5 44.7 89.1 53.1
 Transportation, storage and post 42.2 13.3 69.2 17.5
 Wholesale and retail trade(commerce) 21.4 22.0 58.4 29.9
 Financial service 22.7 24.2 67.4 30.4
Region
 Beijing 34.2 20.2 64.3 28.4
 Jiangsu 52.1 18.8 71.8 30.3
 Shandong 33.5 49.0 76.1 65.1
 Hubei 30.6 32.7 69.3 37.6
 Guangdong 59.9 17.9 58.3 40.6
 Shaanxi 43.6 56.7 73.2 58.3