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Table 4 Examining overlap of firm size and the three informality measures: October 2008 and October 2009 (Percent)

From: Bound to lose, bound to win? The financial crisis and the informal-formal sector earnings gap in Serbia

  October 2008 October 2009
  (1) Not formally registered (2) No labor contract (3) No pension benefits (1) Not formally registered (2) No labor contract (3) No pension benefits
  No: Formal Yes: Informal No: Formal Yes: Informal No: Formal Yes: Informal No: Formal Yes: Informal No: Formal Yes: Informal No: Formal Yes: Informal
6+ employees 98.5 1.5 93.3 6.7 92.3 7.7 98.7 1.3 95.9 4.1 95.7 4.3
1–5 employees 91.3 8.7 80.7 19.3 78.2 21.8 93.8 6.3 87.4 12.7 86.7 13.4
N 2,783 2,783 2,783 2,577 2,577 2,577
  1. The rows (firm size by informality measure) do not sum to exactly 100% in a few cases due to rounding. Bold numbers: This is the grouping where the informality measure in question "agrees" with the firm size measure in terms of the informality classification--so the closer this number is to 100, the greater the agreement (and vice versa)
  2. Source: Serbia Labor Force Survey (October 2008 and October 2009)