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Table 5 Determinants of training incidence (marginal effects)

From: Under-provision of private training by MENA firms: what to Do about It?

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
Mean Obstacle Labor    0.00357 0.00496 −0.00334 −0.00363
    (0.0168) (0.0156) (0.0204) (0.0204)
IndexH −0.000575      
x Mean Obstacle Labor (0.000518)      
IndexH −0.000298      
x Mean Obstacle Labor (0.000300)      
x Obstacle Informal Low       
IndexF   −0.000267     
x Mean Obstacle Labor   (0.000241)     
IndexF   0.000639**     
x Mean Obstacle Labor   (0.000289)     
x Obstacle Informal Low       
IndexH    −0.00028***    
x Mean Management Time    (2.58e-05)    
IndexF     0.000438***   
x Mean Management Time     (0.000121)   
IndexH      0.000296  
x Log (Inspections Tax)      (0.000504)  
IndexF       0.000212***
x Log (Inspections Tax)       (2.59e-05)
Obstacle Informal Low 0.0335*** −0.0119     
  (0.00476) (0.0269)     
Mean Management Time 0.00431 0.00414 0.0113*** −0.0153** 0.00495 0.00491
  (0.00317) (0.00315) (0.00127) (0.00632) (0.00358) (0.00355)
Mean Log (Inspections Tax) 0.0669 0.0907 0.104 0.136 −0.0117 −0.0220
  (0.110) (0.126) (0.120) (0.115) (0.116) (0.117)
Total Tax Rate −0.000564 −0.00105 −0.00108 −0.00171 0.00127 0.00144
x Mean Log (Inspections Tax) (0.00183) (0.00211) (0.00192) (0.00184) (0.00193) (0.00192)
Country & Industry Effects Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Clustering Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Pseudo R2 0.209 0.209 0.221 0.219 0.201 0.202
Observations 3,325 3,325 3,325 3,325 2,770 2,770
  1. Note: Dependent variable is a dummy variable that assumes the value 1 if the firm offers formal on-the-job training to its employees. Robust standard errors are given in parentheses. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.10