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Table 3 Determinants of digital job search, probit marginal estimates (baseline data). Labor-market Intermediation Program, Lima 2009–2010

From: Integrating mobile phone technologies into labor-market intermediation: a multi-treatment experimental design

  Marginal effects
  Digital internet + cell phones Internet Cell phones
A. Socio-demographic characteristics
Gender (1 = men, 0 = women) 0.023 −0.026 0.097***
  (0.028) (0.036) (0.032)
Age −0.003 0.000 −0.004
  (0.002) (0.003) (0.003)
Single 0.032 0.064 −0.038
  (0.047) (0.063) (0.053)
Has children 0.105* 0.188** −0.006
  (0.058) (0.081) (0.076)
Number of children −0.028 −0.076* −0.000
  (0.029) (0.041) (0.036)
Migrant 0.065 0.062 0.087*
  (0.043) (0.061) (0.053)
Years from migration −0.000 −0.000 −0.000
  (0.003) (0.004) (0.003)
Years of schooling 0.007 0.004 0.016**
  (0.048) (0.007) (0.006)
Poor 0.007 −0.145** 0.141***
  (0.048) (0.063) (0.054)
Less poor −0.036 −0.095* 0.066
  (0.041) (0.052) (0.047)
B. Labor-market characteristics
Worked under formal contract 0.021 0.038 −0.014
  (0.038) (0.050) (0.043)
Had pension plan 0.084 0.048 0.006
  (0.071) (0.101) (0.089)
Had health insurance 0.007 0.077 0.023
  (0.078) (0.095) (0.088)
Worked as blue-collar −0.009 0.000 −0.011
  (0.035) (0.047) (0.039)
Never work −0.283*** −0.134** −0.293***
  (0.047) (0.054) (0.042)
Job gain expectations (1 = high, 0 = otherwise) 0.162*** 0.159*** 0.075**
  (0.031) (0.038) (0.034)
C. Cell phones experience
Up to one year 0.097** 0.105* 0.097*
  (0.036) (0.054) (0.050)
Between one and three years 0.043 0.023 0.025
  (0.029) (0.039) (0.036)
D. Internet experience
Has computer at home 0.279*** 0.521*** −0.124
  (0.032) (0.033) (0.084)
Use computer less than three years 0.005 0.148** −0.092
  (0.060) (0.067) (0.069)
Use computer between three and five years −0.031 0.046 −0.053
  (0.063) (0.072) (0.071)
Use computer more than 5 years 0.117** 0.220*** −0.010
  (0.052) (0.063) (0.070)
Internet café in the neighborhood 0.331*** 0.688*** −0.066
  (0.073) (0.055) (0.081)
Internet café one block away from neighborhood 0.095** 0.062 0.067
  (0.040) (0.052) (0.051)
Internet café one to three blocks away from neighborhood 0.016 0.005 0.021
  (0.043) (0.053) (0.053)
Internet café is 12 to 24 months old 0.007 0.086 −0.083
  (0.063) (0.070) (0.070)
Internet café is more than 24 months old −0.029 0.032 0.007
  (0.047) (0.057) (0.053)
E. Search channels
Cell phone job search ----- 0.349*** ------
  ----- (0.033) ------
Internet job search ----- ----- 0.393***
  ----- ----- (0.035)
N 1188 1188 1188
  1. Notes: Standard errors in parentheses. Marginal effects from probit estimates using baseline data. The ‘digital’ outcome is defined as a dummy variable that takes the value 1 for those who use Internet or cell phones for job search activities, 0 otherwise. ***statistically significant at 1%, **statistically significant at 5%, *statistically significant at 10%.