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Table 1 Descriptive summary statistics on job growth and job destruction across East Asia Pacific over the past 3 years

From: Creating and destroying jobs across East Asia Pacific: a country-level analysis on wages, exports, finance, regulation and infrastructure

  China Fiji Indonesia Lao PDR Micronesia Mongolia Philippines Samoa Timor-Leste Tonga Vanuatu Vietnam
Average annual job growth rate 0.08 0.07 0.15 0.04 0.09 0.28 0.07 0.07 0.10 0.01 0.13 0.10
 Std. Dev. 0.15 0.18 0.42 0.27 0.24 1.03 0.48 0.16 0.34 0.08 0.25 0.34
% of firms experiencing:             
 Job creation 68.6 53.6 47.1 34.8 43.6 61.4 31.5 45.5 40.9 28.1 62.1 55.2
 Job destruction 8.1 24.4 16.9 28.2 25.6 18.4 18.1 19.7 13.1 24.7 14.4 28.9
 No change in # of employees 23.3 22 36 37 30.8 20.2 50.5 34.8 46 47.2 23.5 15.9
Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Of firms experiencing job creation, % that have:             
 <=5 employees (initial size) 8.6 29.4 70.8 19.8 24.8 17.1 13.6 20.4 49.8 42.1 13.0 16.5
 6-15 employees 43.1 39.4 22.9 35.7 45.1 42.0 31.8 54.7 32.3 45.9 46.5 34.1
 16-30 employees 12.8 11.7 1.7 10.1 18.8 19.2 20.7 13.8 11.8 11.5 27.1 16.2
 31+ employees 35.5 19.6 4.7 34.5 11.3 21.7 33.8 11.2 6.2 0.5 13.5 33.2
Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Of firms experiencing job creation, % in:             
 Manufacturing sectora 54.2 16.1 84.1 45.3 9.8 24.1 19.5 18.4 32.2 21.6 6.6 43.8
 Service sector 43.4 81.3 14.8 47.3 86.5 43.5 76.8 71.2 41.0 78.4 82.5 44.9
 Other sectors 2.4 2.6 1.1 7.4 3.8 32.4 3.7 10.4 26.8 0.0 10.9 11.3
Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Sample size 2,700 164 1,444 233 68 362 1,326 109 150 150 128 1,053
Survey year 2012 2009 2009 2012 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009
  1. Source: Author’s calculations based on enterprise survey data. Note: The average annual job growth rate at the firm level ranges from < 0 for job destruction to > 0 for job creation, and = 0 for no change in the number of employees. aManufacturing includes textiles, leather, garments, food, metals and machinery, electronics, chemicals and pharmaceuticals, wood and furniture, non-metallic and plastic materials, auto and auto components, and other manufacturing sectors; services include retail and wholesale trade, hotels and restaurants, and other services; other sectors include sectors such as construction and transportation.