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Table 1 Macro-economy and the labour market, 2001-2011

From: Informal self-employment in Kazakhstan

  GDP (%) GDP (per capita) Self-employment (%) Unemployment (%)
    Men Women Men Women
2001 13.5 6146 15.7 14.3 8.9 12.0
2002 9.8 6748 14.6 13.1 7.5 11.2
2003 9.3 7351 16.5 15.0 7.2 10.4
2004 9.6 8001 17.8 (56.3) 16.3 (53.9) 7.0 9.8
2005 9.7 8699 17.7 (59.5) 15.7 (58.6) 6.7 9.6
2006 10.7 9529 18.2 (57.2) 16.0 (56.7) 6.4 9.2
2007 8.9 10259 18.6 (59.2) 16.3 (56.6) 5.9 8.7
2008 3.3 10469 18.4 (55.7) 15.8 (53.9) 5.3 7.9
2009 1.2 10318 19.1 (56.0) 16.3 (54.3) 5.6 7.5
2010 7.3 10916 19.1 (54.1) 16.4 (50.8) 4.9 6.6
2011 7.5 11568 20.0 (56.2) 16.8 (54.3) 4.6 6.2
  1. Notes: GDP (col. 2) = annual growth rate of GDP at market prices based on a constant tenge. GDP per capita (col. 3) = GDP per capita in constant 2005 US$ (based on PPP). Source: World Bank (2013b). Self-employment (cols. 4–5) = self-employed workers, as % of the total employed. Self-employment status is self-assessed and consists of the following groups: employers, own-account workers, unpaid family members and members of producers’ cooperatives. We exclude subsistence farmers from the estimates in cols. 4 and 5. Figures in parentheses indicate registration rates. Source: Authors’ calculations from the 2001–2011 KLFS (sampling weights were used). Unemployment (cols. 6–7) = unemployment rate, as % of the total labour force. Source: World Bank (2013b).