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Table 1 Instrument validity test (household head)

From: Conditional cash transfer and informality in Brazil

  Total sample Sample I Sample II
  All households receiving the PBF benefit Households with PCHIs < R$ 700.00 Households with PCHIs > R$ 50.00 and PCHIs < $ 700.00
  Coef. Optimal window Coef. Optimal window Coef. Optimal window
λ2 0.057 1.61 0.081 1.78 0.081 1.76
(standard error) (0.049)   (0.030)   (0.030)  
λ2 (bandwidth = 110) 0.062 1.77 0,069 1.96 0.076 1.93
(standard error (0.025)   (0.029)   (0.029)  
λ2 (bandwidth = 125) 0.066 2.01 0.059 2.23 0.065 2.20
erro-padão) (0.024)   (0.027)   (0.027)  
λ2 (bandwidth = 150) 0.089 2.41 0.062 2.67 0.066 2.64
(standard error) (0.042)   (0.025)   (0.026)  
F-test1 67,781   5,009   7,781  
p-value 0.000   0.000   0.000  
  1. Source: 2006 PNAD.
  2. Note: F-statistics are related to regressions with results reported in the first line.