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Table 6 Informal sector employment, hired workers, and wage bill distribution across modernity quartiles

From: Formal sector subcontracting and informal sector employment in Indian manufacturing

  Employment Hired workers Wage bill
Quartile 1995 2001 2006 1995 2001 2006 1995 2001 2006
1st 53.2 46.6 46.3 25.9 23.1 23.8 18.7 19.6 19.3
2nd 25.5 29.7 28.1 28.9 33.3 29.7 21.8 27.7 24.2
3rd 15.4 16.0 17.7 29.5 29.9 32.3 34.3 34.0 38.1
4th 5.9 7.6 8.0 15.7 13.7 14.2 25.3 18.7 18.4
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Total (mn.) 51.3 50.4 54.7 12.0 12.2 14.5 175,915 222,590 339,879
  1. Note: Distribution is in percentages across quartiles, and total value is in million workers or million real Rupees. Sources: NSS survey of unorganized manufacturing