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Table 2 Sample descriptive statistics

From: Formal sector subcontracting and informal sector employment in Indian manufacturing

Variables Total sample 1995 2001 2006
Subcontracting formal 20.57 (1.97) 20.01 (1.82) 20.62 (1.99) 21.07 (1.95)
Employment informal 10.82 (2.02) 10.75 (1.99) 10.79 (2.07) 10.92 (2.02)
Hired workers informal 9.51 (1.92) 9.37 (1.93) 9.52 (1.91) 9.64 (1.93)
Wage bill informal 19.35 (1.95) 18.96 (1.97) 19.37 (1.90) 19.73 (1.90)
N 774   258   258   258  
  1. Note: All variables are in natural logs, and values are in log real Rupees. The table shows unweighted averages across state-industries, with standard deviations in parentheses. Sources: NSS survey of unorganized manufacturing and Annual Survey of Industries.