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Table 4 Descriptive statistics by Yigong-daizhen status

From: Do public work schemes deter or encourage outmigration? Empirical evidence from China

Village Variables in 1997 All Yigong-daizhen = 1 Yigong-daizhen = 0
Income per capita 1457.83 (973.91) 1367.91* (848.71) 1471.72 (991.29)
Total population 1439.40 (1072.93) 1664.12*** (1178.29) 1404.69 (1051.75)
Number of migrants 91.86 (133.77) 140.23*** (203.20) 84.49 (118.06)
Share of migrants 0.06 (0.06) 0.07*** (0.08) 0.06 (0.06)
Irrigated land (mu) 1107.36 (1724.88) 1184.27 (1754.51) 1095.48 (1720.38)
Proportion of land steeper than 25 degrees (%) 24.52 (29.30) 27.25* (31.84) 24.10 (28.87)
The distance from the village committee seat to the nearest tarred road 6.75 (23.63) 8.89* (55.85) 6.42 (12.86)
Distance from village committee seat to township seat 5.38 (5.30) 5.83 (6.08) 5.31 (5.17)
Number of fellow villagers working at township 2.32 (4.46) 2.76** (4.50) 2.25 (4.45)
Illiterate person in 1997 59.52 (110.94) 63.27 (87.32) 58.94 (114.16)
Any tarred road passing through your village? 1 = yes; 2 = no 1.68 (0.47) 1.71 (0.45) 1.67 (0.47)
Observations 2430   325   2105  
  1. Notes. ***denotes significant at the 0.01 level; **denotes significant at the 0.05 level; *denotes significant at the 0.1 level. Standard deviation is reported in the parentheses.