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Table 1 Summary statistics

From: Are migrants discriminated against in Chinese urban labour markets?

  Total Formal contract Self-employed Without contract
  (1) (2) (3) (4)
A. urban residents     
Age 38.0 38.3 39.1 37.2
Education levels (%)     
Primary and below 5.7 3.8 14.6 6.0
Junior middle school 30.1 24.1 52.6 33.0
Senior middle school 33.9 35.7 28.5 32.4
College and above 30.3 36.4 4.3 28.6
Female (%) 41.8 41.4 37.1 44.4
Not married (%) 12.0 11.5 6.7 15.2
Left the hukou within 0.5–5 years - - - -
Monthly income (Yuan) 1133.1 1286.5 857.9 940.2
Hourly income (Yuan) 6.6 7.6 4.3 5.4
No unemployment insurance (%) 55.4 36.0 94.1 78.3
No pension (%) 37.3 19.1 78.5 56.9
No medical insurance (%) 36.3 18.9 81.7 52.6
Obs. 219712 128509 25832 65371
B. rural migrants     
Age 30.2 28.8 35.7 29.2
Education levels (%)     
Primary and below 19.6 12.6 30.4 20.8
Junior middle school 62.5 62.9 57.2 64.2
Senior middle school 15.9 21.3 11.6 13.6
College and above 1.9 3.2 0.7 1.4
Female (%) 41.4 45.2 29.3 43.1
Not married (%) 36.5 43.4 8.5 41.7
Left the hukou within 0.5–5 years 73.1 73.9 60.4 77.1
Monthly income (Yuan) 997.9 1144.7 994.0 892.2
Hourly income (Yuan) 4.8 5.7 4.6 4.2
No unemployment insurance (%) 92.9 82.8 99.5 97.9
No pension (%) 85.8 66.8 97.7 95.3
No medical insurance (%) 82.5 62.2 94.9 92.7
Obs. 94621 32947 16536 45138
C. urban migrants     
Age 31.8 31.3 36.6 30.5
Education levels (%)     
Primary and below 4.6 2.4 9.8 5.5
Junior middle school 29.4 20.3 45.7 36.4
Senior middle school 36.5 36.7 33.6 37.3
College and above 29.5 40.6 10.8 20.7
Female (%) 41.1 40.2 35.2 45.0
Not married (%) 36.7 39.4 10.7 43.9
Left the hukou within 0.5–5 years 70.3 69.5 62.7 74.7
Monthly income (Yuan) 1688.5 2090.2 1351.6 1218.0
Hourly income (Yuan) 9.3 11.9 6.8 6.5
No unemployment insurance (%) 71.8 53.7 94.4 89.7
No pension (%) 57.0 34.5 80.6 81.2
No medical insurance (%) 59.6 37.5 85.4 82.5
Obs. 22214 11482 3272 7460
  1. Source: 1% population survey of China (2005).