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Table 3 Determinants of fixed effects for UK student visa models

From: The determinants of United Kingdom student visa demand from developing countries

Variables Visa applications Visa issues
Common Language 2.4489*** 2.2427***
  (0.6197) (0.6119)
Log of Distance −1.6152*** −1.4038***
  (0.5398) (0.5330)
Muslim (%) 0.0202*** 0.0232***
  (0.0077) (0.0076)
Net Primary Enrolments (%) −0.0554** −0.0424*
  (0.0233) (0.0230)
Net Secondary Enrolments (%) 0.0350** 0.0383**
  (0.0153) (0.0151)
Political Stability Index 0.5693 0.7871**
  (0.3701) (0.3655)
Constant 15.267*** 12.164**
  (5.288) (5.221)
Number of Observations 89 89
RESET (F-test) 1.00 3.230
  [0.397] [0.027]
Breusch-Pagan Heteroscedasticity Test 9.00 10.030
  [0.173] [0.123]
Jarque -Bera Normality Test 2.39 1.230
  [0.303] [0.540]
σ ^ (standard error of regression) 2.462 2.431
R-squared (adjusted) 0.297 0.307
  1. Notes:
  2. (1) The estimation procedure is OLS and standard errors are reported in parentheses.
  3. (2) The dependent variable for the visa applications column is comprised of the 89 estimated country-specific fixed effects from the restricted model (1) in Table 1.
  4. (3) The dependent variable for visa issues is comprised of the 89 estimated country-specific fixed effects from the restricted model (2) in Table 2.
  5. (4) ***, ** and * denote statistical significance at the 0.01, 0.05 and 0.10 level respectively using two-tailed tests.
  6. (5) The RESET is distributed as F(3,79). The reported heteroscedasticity and normality tests are Lagrange Multiplier (LM) tests. The prob-values are reported in the squared brackets beneath these test values.
  7. (6) The F-test values for the null hypothesis that the distance elasticity is equal to minus one is computed as F(1, 82) = 1.30 with a prob-value of 0.26 for visa applications and F(1,82) = 0.57 with a prob-value of 0.45 for visa issues.