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Table 7 Heterogeneity of losses of displaced urban workers by: ownership type of firm, level of development, and gender

From: The costs of worker displacement in urban labor markets of China

  Panel 1
Ownership Private SOE
  Demographic and ownership controls All controls Demographic and ownership controls All controls
  ols pscore ols pscore ols pscore ols pscore
Unemployment spell 4.758*** 6.803*** 4.431*** 9.836*** 8.063*** 6.980*** 7.311*** 9.515***
  (1.493) (2.182) (1.528) (1.826) (1.543) (2.392) (1.626) (2.209)
Salary -0.189*** -0.247*** -0.198*** -0.111* -0.429*** -0.438*** -0.340*** -0.278***
  (0.050) (0.081) (0.046) (0.076) (0.026) (0.057) (0.025) (0.048)
Hours -3.204*** -1.016 -2.541*** -1.421 4.207*** 4.984*** 3.461*** 4.010***
  (0.974) (1.340) (0.960) (1.310) (0.418) (0.717) (0.447) (0.684)
Informal employment 0.014 0.066** 0.016 0.044 0.123*** 0.122*** 0.121*** 0.115***
  (0.025) (0.036) (0.024) (0.034) (0.011) (0.018) (0.011) (0.016)
Self-employment -0.125*** -0.063** -0.103*** -0.092*** 0.071*** 0.080*** 0.059*** 0.066***
  (0.023) (0.032) (0.022) (0.030) (0.008) (0.013) (0.009) (0.013)
Health 0.000 0.022 -0.001 0.007 -0.022*** -0.025** -0.019*** -0.011
  (0.010) (0.020) (0.010) (0.016) (0.007) (0.014) (0.007) (0.012)
Happiness -0.026** -0.011 -0.029 -0.048** -0.039*** -0.042** -0.034*** -0.024
  (0.019) (0.033) (0.020) (0.029) (0.012) (0.023) (0.013) (0.023)
Feel depressed 0.052*** 0.054*** 0.052*** 0.065*** 0.013*** 0.021** 0.014*** 0.004
  (0.016) (0.026) (0.017) (0.026) (0.008) (0.013) (0.009) (0.014)
BMI 0.087 -0.270 0.069 -0.198 0.012 -0.468** 0.007 0.009
  (0.176) (0.292) (0.178) (0.267) (0.103) (0.213) (0.110) (0.167)
  Panel 2
Level of development Cities in developed regions# Cities in less developed regions##
  ols pscore ols pscore ols pscore ols pscore
Unemployment spell 10.809*** 11.998*** 9.408*** 6.395*** 4.477*** 5.547*** 3.949*** 6.846***
  (1.751) (2.530) (1.959) (2.959) (1.234) (2.052) (1.310) (1.848)
Salary -0.397*** -0.340*** -0.349*** -0.301*** -0.297*** -0.173*** -0.262*** -0.226***
  (0.030) (0.051) (0.031) (0.051) (0.032) (0.063) (0.032) (0.055)
Hours 2.319*** 1.911** 2.539*** 2.350*** 0.858* 2.328*** 1.162*** 1.737***
  (0.595) (1.026) (0.622) (0.972) (0.545) (0.968) (0.563) (0.816)
Informal employment 0.103*** 0.098*** 0.108*** 0.118*** 0.068*** 0.072*** 0.083*** 0.100***
  (0.013) (0.023) (0.015) (0.021) (0.015) (0.025) (0.016) (0.024)
Self-employment 0.002 -0.007 0.009 0.013 0.004 0.043** 0.006 0.033***
  (0.012) (0.023) (0.013) (0.022) (0.012) (0.021) (0.013) (0.019)
Health -0.010 -0.017 -0.017 -0.020** -0.015 -0.024** -0.014* -0.005
  (0.008) (0.015) (0.008) (0.014) (0.008) (0.017) (0.008) (0.014)
Happiness -0.047*** -0.081*** -0.046*** -0.028 -0.019 -0.025 -0.018 -0.011
  (0.014) (0.023) (0.015) (0.025) (0.015) (0.028) (0.015) (0.026)
Feel depressed 0.018 0.019 0.032*** 0.009 0.008 0.002 0.019 0.007
  (0.011) (0.018) (0.011) (0.019) (0.010) (0.019) (0.011) (0.017)
BMI -0.237*** -0.327* -0.066 -0.054 0.191* -0.268 0.173* -0.011
  (0.115) (0.202) (0.124) (0.193) (0.128) (0.260) (0.137) (0.216)
  Panel 3
Gender Female Male
  ols pscore ols pscore ols pscore ols pscore
Unemployment spell 6.915*** 3.912 5.362*** 1.256 8.540*** 8.890*** 7.238*** 10.151***
  (1.650) (3.075) (1.820) (3.384) (1.319) (1.854) (1.427) (1.914)
Salary -0.307*** -0.283*** -0.288*** -0.260*** -0.383*** -0.458*** -0.329*** -0.326***
  (0.033) (0.082) (0.032) (0.061) (0.031) (0.064) (0.030) (0.049)
Hours 0.318 1.387 0.593 1.480* 2.660*** 4.257*** 2.650*** 2.708***
  (0.600) (1.156) (0.632) (0.866) (0.555) (0.954) (0.568) (0.902)
Informal employment 0.087*** 0.094*** 0.086*** 0.095*** 0.086*** 0.088*** 0.098*** 0.108***
  (0.015) (0.029) (0.017) (0.025) (0.013) (0.026) (0.014) (0.021)
Self-employment -0.009 0.015 -0.009 0.021 0.014 0.052*** 0.016 0.015
  (0.011) (0.025) (0.013) (0.018) (0.013) (0.027) (0.013) (0.022)
Health -0.010 -0.017 -0.016 -0.023 -0.014 -0.029** -0.014 0.001
  (0.008) (0.022) (0.009) (0.015) (0.008) (0.019) (0.008) (0.014)
Happiness -0.025** -0.017 -0.022* -0.034 -0.046*** -0.005 -0.042*** -0.021
  (0.013) (0.030) (0.015) (0.021) (0.015) (0.035) (0.016) (0.027)
Feel depressed 0.002 -0.002 0.018 0.000 0.028** 0.028 0.032*** 0.003
  (0.010) (0.021) (0.011) (0.015) (0.011) (0.020) (0.012) (0.019)
BMI 0.171* -0.314 0.153 -0.034 -0.251*** -0.553*** -0.188** -0.225*
  (0.119) (0.302) (0.130) (0.215) (0.122) (0.259) (0.127) (0.195)
  1. Notes: Female displaced, quitters and stayers 665, 857 and 1619 respectively;
  2. Male displaced, quitters and stayers 681, 741 and 1940 respectively.
  3. Private displaced, quitters and stayers 273, 950 and 1029 respectively;
  4. SOE displaced, quitters and stayers 1068, 646 and 2011 respectively.
  5. # Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Dongguan, Shanghai, Nanjing, Wuxi, Hangzhou, Ningbo: displaced, quitters and stayers 629, 911 and 1562 respectively;
  6. ## Zhengzhou, Luoyang, Hefei, Bengbu, Chongqing, Wuhan, Chengdu: displaced, quitters and stayers 717, 687 and 1998 respectively.
  7. Source: authors’ calculations based on 2009 wave of RUMIC data set.