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Table 7 Poisson estimations with two-stage residual inclusion

From: Jobs and kids: female employment and fertility in China

Variables Poisson estimation with two-stage residual inclusion (coefficient)
Preferred number of children Actual number of children
Female employment status
  Not employed (reference)
  Employed −0.230 (0.121)** −0.367 (0.120)***
Residual from the first stage 0.110 (0.068)* 0.167 (0.068)**
Other explanatory variables
  Household annual income in natural log 0.013 (0.006)** 0.013 (0.005)***
  Ethnic minority (wife and/or husband) −0.010 (0.033) 0.010 (0.034)
  Age 0.002 (0.013) 0.089 (0.013)***
  Age squared 0.001 (0.001) −0.001 (0.0002)***
  Married 0.059 (0.103) 0.077 (0.099)
  The first child is a son −0.069 (0.018)*** −0.063 (0.017)***
  Wife has siblings 0.038 (0.051) 0.043 (0.053)
  Husband has siblings 0.038 (0.046) 0.021 (0.046)
  Smoking −0.053 (0.084) −0.039 (0.084)
  Drinking alcohol 0.062 (0.034)* 0.032 (0.032)
  Health insurance 0.047 (0.021)** 0.038 (0.021)*
Education
   Less than primary school (reference)
   Primary school −0.056 (0.032)* −0.048 (0.032)
   Lower middle school −0.081 (0.033)** −0.059 (0.032)*
   Upper middle school −0.145 (0.041)*** −0.131 (0.042)***
   Technologic school −0.201 (0.065)*** −0.128 (0.061)**
   College −0.130 (0.082) −0.104 (0.076)
Occupation
   Worker (reference)
   Professional −0.045 (0.054) −0.008 (0.049)
   Manager −0.069 (0.077) −0.027 (0.070)
   Staff −0.043 (0.057) −0.025 (0.051)
   Other occupations −0.027 (0.059) 0.006 (0.057)
Health status
   Excellent (reference)
   Good 0.004 (0.027) −0.038 (0.028)
   Fair 0.005 (0.029) −0.043 (0.031)
   Poor −0.044 (0.053) −0.080 (0.053)
   Province
   Heilongjiang (reference)
   Liaoning 0.128 (0.040)*** 0.125 (0.039)***
   Jiangsu 0.071 (0.051) 0.069 (0.051)
   Shandong 0.139 (0.048)*** 0.103 (0.047)**
   Henan 0.349 (0.033)*** 0.320 (0.034)***
   Hubei 0.211 (0.039)*** 0.199 (0.037)***
   Hunan 0.260 (0.035)*** 0.160 (0.036)***
   Guangxi 0.224 (0.058)*** 0.227 (0.059)***
   Guizhou 0.360 (0.046)*** 0.356 (0.045)***
  Village or neighborhood population (in 1000) −0.006 (0.003)*** −0.007 (0.002)***
  Han nationality allowed to have two children if the first child is female 0.112 (0.022)*** 0.150 (0.024)***
  Receiving a subsidy if having one child −0.125 (0.022)*** −0.097 (0.024)***
  Urban −0.051 (0.059) −0.049 (0.056)
  Constant 0.032 (0.269) −1.954 (0.274)***
  1. Note: standard deviations are reported in parentheses.
  2. * significant at the 10% level; ** significant at the 5% level; *** significant at the 1% level.