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Table 6 Poisson estimation of preferred and actual fertility

From: Jobs and kids: female employment and fertility in China

Variables Poisson estimation (coefficient)
Preferred number of children Actual number of children
Female employment status
  Not employed (reference)
  Employed −0.044 (0.026)* −0.085 (0.026)***
Other explanatory variables
  Household annual income in natural log 0.008 (0.005) 0.007 (0.004)*
  Ethnic minority (wife and/or husband) 0.004 (0.031) 0.033 (0.031)
  Age −0.004 (0.012) 0.081 (0.012)***
  Age squared 0.001 (0.001) −0.001 (0.0002)***
  Married 0.066 (0.101) 0.088 (0.096)
  The first child is a son −0.071 (0.017)*** −0.067 (0.017)***
  Wife has siblings 0.041 (0.050) 0.049 (0.053)
  Husband has siblings 0.038 (0.046) 0.020 (0.046)
  Smoking −0.040 (0.082) −0.019 (0.080)
  Drinking alcohol 0.054 (0.030)* 0.018 (0.031)
  Health insurance 0.043 (0.020)** 0.032 (0.021)
Education
   Less than primary school (reference)
   Primary school −0.063 (0.031)** −0.057 (0.031)*
   Lower middle school −0.108 (0.028)*** −0.100 (0.028)***
   Upper middle school −0.177 (0.035)*** −0.179 (0.035)***
   Technologic school −0.270 (0.052)*** −0.234 (0.049)***
   College −0.218 (0.063)*** −0.237 (0.053)***
Occupation
   Worker (reference)
   Professional −0.047 (0.053) −0.011 (0.047)
   Manager −0.070 (0.076) −0.028 (0.067)
   Staff −0.043 (0.057) −0.026 (0.051)
   Other occupations −0.023 (0.057) 0.010 (0.057)
Health status
   Excellent (reference)
   Good 0.016 (0.025) −0.020 (0.025)
   Fair 0.014 (0.030) −0.030 (0.029)
   Poor −0.015 (0.046) −0.037 (0.048)
Province
   Heilongjiang (reference)
   Liaoning 0.097 (0.034)*** 0.077 (0.033)**
   Jiangsu 0.022 (0.039) −0.005 (0.038)
   Shandong 0.096 (0.039)*** 0.039 (0.039)
   Henan 0.344 (0.033)*** 0.314 (0.032)***
   Hubei 0.190 (0.037)*** 0.167 (0.035)***
   Hunan 0.257 (0.036)*** 0.156 (0.035)***
   Guangxi 0.179 (0.048)*** 0.160 (0.049)***
   Guizhou 0.330 (0.041)*** 0.311 (0.040)***
  Village or neighborhood population (in 1000) −0.006 (0.003)*** −0.007 (0.002)***
  Han nationality allowed to have two children if the first child is female 0.120 (0.021)*** 0.161 (0.021)***
  Receiving a subsidy if having one child −0.129 (0.023)*** −0.103 (0.022)***
  Urban −0.126 (0.036)*** −0.163 (0.030)***
  Constant 0.133 (0.277) −1.803 (0.271)***
  1. Note: standard deviations are reported in parentheses.
  2. * significant at the 10% level; ** significant at the 5% level; *** significant at the 1% level.