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Table 1 Descriptive statistics

From: Jobs and kids: female employment and fertility in China

Variables Mean1
Employment status2 Not employed Employed
Sample size N = 1514 N = 841
Fertility variables
  Preferred number of children 1.768 (0.816) 1.378 (0.695)
  Actual number of children 1.650 (0.803) 1.202 (0.632)
Instrumental variables3
  A bus stop in the village or neighborhood 0.602   0.747  
Other explanatory variables
  Household annual income (RMB) 18408.270 (26224.350) 31250.620 (32105.140)
  Ethnic minority (wife and/or husband) 0.156   0.102  
  Age 40.546 (7.679) 38.960 (7.310)
  Married 0.982   0.967  
  The first child is a son 0.463   0.477  
  Wife has siblings 0.967   0.956  
  Husband has siblings 0.930   0.888  
  Smoking 0.024   0.004  
  Drinking alcohol 0.069   0.124  
  Health insurance 0.452   0.591  
  Education
   Less than primary school 0.203   0.050  
   Primary school 0.235   0.096  
   Lower middle school 0.409   0.380  
   Upper middle school 0.126   0.168  
   Technical school 0.023   0.164  
   College 0.003   0.141  
  Occupation
   Worker N/A   0.585  
   Professional N/A   0.166  
   Manager N/A   0.040  
   Staff N/A   0.130  
   Other occupations N/A   0.078  
  Health status
   Excellent 0.119   0.180  
   Good 0.542   0.522  
   Fair 0.283   0.282  
   Poor 0.057   0.017  
  Village or neighborhood population (in 1000) 3.188 (4.106) 5.540 (8.125)
  Han nationality allowed to have two children if the first child is female 0.469   0.233  
  Receiving a subsidy if having one child 0.668   0.705  
  Urban 0.050   0.439  
  Province
   Heilongjiang 0.147   0.112  
   Liaoning 0.116   0.136  
   Jiangsu 0.075   0.149  
   Shandong 0.079   0.131  
   Henan 0.143   0.069  
   Hubei 0.104   0.102  
   Hunan 0.131   0.067  
   Guangxi 0.101   0.128  
   Guizhou 0.106   0.107  
  1. Data source: China Health and Nutrition Survey 2006.
  2. N/A not applicable.
  3. 1 Standard deviations are reported in parentheses for continuous variables.
  4. 2 Employment status is defined by whether an individual has a job off the farm.
  5. 3 Instrumental variables are from China Health and Nutrition Survey Community Questionnaire 2006.